Waging Peace.
Fighting Disease.
Building Hope.


The Carter Center supported transition to democracy in Indonesia by observing elections in 1999 and 2004.


Waging Peace

Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago — with more than 17,000 islands, 6,000 of them inhabited — and the world's largest Muslim population (about 205 million).  When Indonesia ended 40 years of military rule in 1998, transition to democracy presented unique challenges. The Carter Center was present in Indonesia in 1999 to observe the nation's first democratic elections and continued its commitment to help Indonesia grow and deepen democratic practices by observing the first direct presidential elections in July 2004.

Read full text on the Carter Center's peace work in Indonesia >


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Map of Indonesia
(Click to enlarge)


Size: 1,904,569 square kilometers

Population: 255,993,674

Population below poverty line: 11 percent

Life expectancy: 73 years

Ethnic groups: Javanese, Sundanese, Malay, Batak, Madurese, Minangkabau, Betawi, Buginese, Bantanese, Banjarese, Balinese, Acehnese, Dayak, Sasak, Chinese, other

Religions: Muslim, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Hindu, other or unspecified

Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, local dialects (Javanese)


(Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook 2016)

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