Waging Peace.
Fighting Disease.
Building Hope.


The Carter Center has observed elections in Nicaragua since 1989 and supported other steps by its citizens and leaders to strengthen peace and democracy in their nation after years of rule by dictators.


Waging Peace

A decade of war and economic disintegration created deep divisions in the 1980s among Nicaraguans who supported the Sandinistas and those who supported the opposition. The Sandinista government's socialist policies had more than quadrupled the country's foreign debt and failed to lift Nicaraguans out of poverty. As the 1990 presidential election grew close, the international community was leery of another Sandinista win, and tensions within Nicaragua increased. In turn, the government and electoral authorities welcomed international election observers, including The Carter Center, to help ensure an election that represented the will of the people.

Read full text on the Carter Center's peace work in Nicaragua >

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Map of Nicaragua
(Click to enlarge)


Size: 130,370 square kilometers

Population: 5,907,881 (2015 est.)

Population below poverty line: 43 percent

Life expectancy: 73 years

Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white), white, black, Amerindian

Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant (Evangelical, Moravian), Jehovah's Witnesses, other, none

Languages: Spanish (official), Miskito, Mestizo of the Caribbean coast, other


(Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook 2016)

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