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GUINEA WORM WRAP-UP
The Guinea Worm Wrap-Up is a report from The Carter Center and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and includes the latest case counts. It is provided on a near-monthly basis as data becomes available from the field.
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See all Guinea Worm Wrap-Up issues from 1983 to present, in English and French (PDF).
Jan. 17, 2013
Jimmy Carter Announces Guinea Worm Cases Hit Record Low, Setting Stage for Eradication of Second Human Disease in History
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter announced today that the international Guinea worm eradication campaign spearheaded by The Carter Center has reached its final stages with only 542 cases reported worldwide in 2012. These provisional case numbers, identified by ministries of health in the remaining four endemic nations and compiled by The Carter Center, show that cases of the parasitic disease were reduced by nearly half in 2012.
Jan. 30, 2012
Carter Center Welcomes Gates Foundation, UAE, CIFF Funding to Achieve Guinea Worm Eradication
$40 million in donations announced today from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) will enable a Carter Center-led eradication campaign to end Guinea worm disease by 2015. The Center also announced today that provisional results show only 1,060 cases of Guinea worm occurred worldwide in 2011.
Oct. 5, 2011
Britain to Help Carter Center Secure Funding For Worldwide Eradication of Worm Disease
Britain today announced it will provide major support to a new project that will make Guinea worm the second human disease ever to be eradicated in human history. Read the Blog Feature >
July 28, 2011
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter Congratulates People of Ghana for Halting Guinea Worm Disease Transmission, Urges Remaining Endemic Countries to Wipe Out Ancient Affliction as Soon as Possible
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and The Carter Center congratulate Ghana on becoming the world's newest country to stop transmission of Guinea worm, a water-borne parasitic disease poised to be the second human disease in history to be eradicated.
Feb. 17, 2011
Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter Announces Three Countries Left in Guinea Worm Eradication Campaign: Nigeria and Niger Honored as Most Recent Nations to Halt Disease Transmission (En français)
Former U.S. President and Carter Center Founder Jimmy Carter announced today that only three endemic countries remain in the fight against Guinea worm disease, poised to be only the second disease in history—after smallpox—to be eradicated.
Oct. 10, 2010
Guinea Worm Eradication and River Blindness Elimination Receive Major Boost with U.S. $1 Million Donation from OPEC Fund: Signing Ceremony Takes Place at The Carter Center
Today, during a special ceremony in Atlanta, former U.S. President and Carter Center Founder Jimmy Carter received on behalf of The Carter Center two new pledges—$500,000 toward the Guinea Worm Eradication Program and $500,000 toward the Onchocerciasis Elimination Program for the Americas (OEPA)—from the OPEC Fund for International Development, represented by His Excellency Director General Suleiman Jasir Al-Herbish.
Aug. 4, 2010
Carter Center Experts and Partners Chronicle "Nigeria's Triumph" Over Ancient Guinea Worm Disease in American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Article
In the August 2010 issue of the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, a new paper co-authored by experts from the Nigeria Ministry of Health, The Carter Center, and the World Health Organization, details Nigeria's historic triumph over many challenges to successfully eliminate the ancient waterborne plague Guinea worm disease (also known as dracunculiasis).
Nov. 5, 2013
Jimmy Carter Fights to Eradicate Diseases
Published by ABC's "Good Morning America."
The former president's passion project, The Carter Center, helps get medicine to some of the most remote locations in the world. President Carter was in New York to attend a celebration at Pfizer Headquarters on November 5th to honor the 15th anniversary of the International Trachoma Initiative.
Oct. 30, 2013
The Art of Eradication
Published by Harvard Public Health magazine.
In the early 1980s Guinea worm disease struck millions from western India to Senegal. Now, as a result of the Carter Center's efforts, Guinea worm disease has fallen from 3.5 million cases in 1986 to fewer than 600 cases globally in 2012. In 2013, the number is expected to be even lower. The Harvard School of Public Health highlights the contributions of alumnus Carter Center Vice President Donald Hopkins who oversees all of the Center's health programs.
Oct. 24, 2013
Slaying "Little Dragons": Guinea Worm Moves Toward Eradication
Published by the NPR blog "Shots." Reposted by more than 175 outlets.
The world has eradicated just one human disease: smallpox. But another illness is getting tantalizingly close to elimination. A report Thursday puts a parasitic worm ahead of polio in the race to extinction. The world recorded just 89 cases of Guinea worm in the first six months of 2013, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said in the journal Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. That's a 77 percent reduction in cases over the same period last year.
Oct. 24, 2013
Progress Toward Global Eradication of Dracunculiasis, January 2012 June 2013 (PDF)
Published by Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
A total of 542 cases were reported in 2012, compared with 1,058 in 2011. The disease remains endemic in four countries in 2013, but the overall rate of reduction in cases has accelerated compared with the first 6 months of 2012. In the month of January 2013, no cases were reported worldwide for the first time since the eradication program began in 1986. Failures in surveillance and containment, lack of clean drinking water, insecurity in Mali and parts of South Sudan, and an unusual epidemiologic pattern in Chad are the main remaining challenges to dracunculiasis eradication.
Sept. 29, 2013
Has the Guinea Worm Been Eradicated?
Published by Sound Medicine.
Donald Hopkins, M.D., vice president for health programs at the Carter Center, helped eradicate smallpox. Now he is close to eliminating Guinea worm disease, an infection spread by drinking water contaminated with water fleas carrying the parasitic larvae. The parasites mature in the abdomen and work their way to the surface after a year. The worms create painful lesions that release hundreds of thousands of larvae when submerged in water. "Sound Medicine" host Anne Ryder speaks with Dr. Hopkins about Guinea worm and the Carter Center's efforts to eradicate the disase.
Sept. 24, 2013
1988 To 2013: Nigeria's Guinea Worm Eradication Journey
Published by Daily Trust (Nigeria).
In informal terms, Nigeria is now free of guinea worm. Minister of Health, Professor Onyebuchi Chukwu was told two months ago while being debriefed by an international verification team which visited Nigeria and did a tour of the country between June 27 and July 8 to verify the claim by Nigeria that no guinea worm transmission exists anywhere in the country
The Carter Center has been in Nigeria (with Jos as its administrative base) since 1988 when the guinea worm eradication programme started.
Sept. 23, 2013
Finding Locally-Grown Answers to Global Health Questions
Published by Saporta Report.
The Carter Center and Google teamed up this month to host an insightful conversation between three well-known advocates of U.S. action on global health. The Google+ webcast brought together former President Jimmy Carter, Dr. Donald Hopkins, vice-president for health programs at the Carter Center, and New York Times columnist Nicholas Kristof
In my view, one of the best points made was Dr. Hopkins' view that ultimately the answers to solve global health problems must be locally-grown.
Sept. 17, 2013
Appraising Nigeria's Quest for Guinea Worm-Free Certification
Published by Hallmark (Nigeria).
From all indications, Nigeria is set to be certified free of guinea worm disease, which has ravaged parts of the country over the years
International organisations in charge of efforts to eradicate guinea worm disease worldwide have reaffirmed that the disease has been eradicated in Nigeria via its partnership with stakeholders. For instance, Dr Emmanuel Miri, the Country Representative of the Carter Centre in Nigeria, recently asserted that Nigeria was free from guinea worm disease. Miri, who noted that the non-governmental organisation had been waging a war against guinea worm disease in the past 16 years, said that the centre had succeeded in efforts to wipe it out of Nigeria.
Aug. 29, 2013
River Blindness, Guinea Worm Disease and More: The Work and Accomplishments of The Carter Center
Published by The Global Dispatch.
The Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia, founded by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter, is guided by a fundamental commitment to human rights and the alleviation of human suffering; it seeks to prevent and resolve conflicts, enhance freedom and democracy, and improve health, according to their website. In the area of health programs, the Center fights six preventable diseases — Guinea worm, river blindness, trachoma, schistosomiasis, lymphatic filariasis, and malaria — by using health education and simple, low-cost methods. Earlier this week I had the opportunity to speak to the expert that directs all of the health programs of The Carter Center, Vice-President of Health Programs, Donald R. Hopkins, M.D., M.P.H.
Read more In The News >>
ARTICLES BY CARTER CENTER EXPERTS
Jan. 3, 2013
New England Journal of Medicine, Vol 368 No. 1.pp. 53-64. Doi:10.1056/NEJMra1200391
Author: Donald R. Hopkins. Since the last case of naturally-occurring smallpox in 1977, there have been three major international conferences devoted to the concept of disease eradication. Several other diseases have been considered as potential candidates for eradication, but the World Health Organization (WHO) has targeted only two other diseases for global eradication after smallpox. In 1986, WHO's policy-making body, the World Health Assembly, adopted the elimination of dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) as a global goal, and it declared eradication of poliomyelitis a global goal in 1988. Although both diseases now appear to be close to eradication, the fact that neither goal has been achieved after more than two decades, and several years beyond the initial target dates for their eradication, underscores the daunting challenge of such efforts, as does the failure of previous attempts to eradicate malaria, hookworm, yaws and other diseases. "Disease Eradication" was published as part one of "A Global View of Health An Unfolding Series." Read the overview of the series >
Oct. 26, 2012
Progress Toward Global Eradication of Dracunculiasis — January 2011June 2012
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol.61 No. 42
Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) is caused by Dracunculus medinensis, a parasitic worm. Approximately 1 year after initial infection from contaminated drinking water, the worm emerges through the skin of the infected person, usually on the lower limb. Pain and secondary bacterial wound infection can cause temporary or permanent disability that disrupts work and schooling for the entire family.
Dec. 18, 2011
Dracunculiasis Eradication and the Legacy of the Smallpox Campaign: What's New and Innovative? What's Old and Principled? [Presented at the Symposium on Smallpox Eradication: Lessons, Legacies & Innovations]
This article was online on Dec. 18, 2011 in Vaccine. Online signup is required to read the full article.
Coming on the heels the declaration of smallpox eradication in 1980 was the launch of the dracunculiasis (Guinea worm) eradication program, as a key outcome indicator of the success of the United Nations 1981-1990 International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade (IDWSSD). The dracunculiasis eradication campaign has carried on well beyond the close of the IDWSSD largely due to the efforts of President Jimmy Carter and The Carter Center, to assist the national Guinea Worm Eradication Programs in collaboration with partner organizations, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), UNICEF, and the World Health Organization. Dracunculiasis eradication efforts have as primary tools health education, filter distribution for drinking water filtration, and case containment, all guided by rigorous village based surveillance.
Oct. 28, 2011
Progress Toward Global Eradication of Dracunculiasis, January 2010 - June 2011
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 60 / No. 42.
In 1986, the World Health Assembly (WHA) called for the elimination of dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease), a parasitic infection in humans caused by Dracunculus medinensis (1). At the time, an estimated 3.5 million cases were occurring annually in 20 countries in Africa and Asia, and 120 million persons were at risk for the disease (1,2).
Read more Articles by Carter Center Experts >>
STORIES FROM THE FIELD: REAL LIVES REAL CHANGE
May 7, 2012
Meet Dr. Nabil Aziz Mikhail: Tireless Warrior Against Guinea Worm Disease, River Blindness in Sudan
Ask about the time he nearly died from cerebral malaria during a Guinea worm surveillance trip, or his supervisory visit to a town under siege, or the nights he spent stuck in a car with no food, little water, and once with three flat tires, and Dr. Nabil Aziz Mikhail will tell you he doesn't like to sit in his office.
April 9, 2012
The Carter Center at 30: Leader in Disease Eradication and Elimination
The Carter Center has become a global leader in the eradication and elimination of diseases, focusing efforts to build health and hope in some of the poorest and most isolated places on earth.
March 26, 2012
Meet Dr. Zerihun Tadesse Gebrelassie
Zerihun Tadesse Gebrelassie barely remembers his mother rushing his baby brother to a hospital in Ethiopia. Many patients, long lines, and few health workers made her wish she had a relative — maybe one who was a nurse — who could help her son. His little brother survived, but Dr. Zerihun says his mother never forgot that scene.
Jan. 23, 2012
Salissou Kane: Niger's Trachoma Control Campaign Employs Lessons Learned in Guinea Worm Fight
Completely eliminating a disease from a country twice the size of Texas is no easy task. Salissou Kane, the Carter Center's country representative for Niger learned this time and again during more than two decades fighting Guinea worm in his homeland. Now that the disease has been wiped out nationwide, Kane is using his hard-won knowledge of Niger's complex multicultural communities to tackle to the bacterial eye disease trachoma.
Jan. 3, 2012
Building Better Lives, Brick by Brick
The Carter Center works in some of the world's most remote and impoverished communities. These are areas beyond where the road ends, with no power grid, and limited access to outside markets. For health workers striving to eliminate Guinea worm disease in South Sudan, this means many essential items, like building supplies for a new case containment center, are virtually non-existent. However, with a little ingenuity, the staff members of the South Sudan Guinea Worm Eradication Program are blazing their own path, and building the bricks needed for success.
Aug. 5, 2011
Sadi Moussa: Public Health Worker Begins Third Decade of Improving Lives, Battling Guinea Worm and Trachoma in Mali
"I think I have something to share with another country" says Sadi Moussa, explaining why he recently relocated to Mali to help tackle public health problems after almost two decades doing similar work in his home country of Niger.
Read more Stories From the Field >>