Press Releases

<P><SPAN class=colCHeading>Press Releases</SPAN></P>

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Oct. 21, 2011
Contact:
Deanna.Congileo@emory.edu

 

Declaración  de los Amigos de la Carta Democrática Interamericana sobre la Decisión del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia de Venezuela con Relación a la Sentencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

(Read in English)

 

Nosotros, los abajo firmantes, lamentamos la decisión del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia de Venezuela, en la que se declara que la sentencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos del 1 de septiembre de 2011, en el caso de Leopoldo López Mendoza vs. Venezuela, es "inejecutable".

La Corte y la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos constituyen un sistema de protección internacional de los derechos humanos que sirve de modelo para el mundo entero. Cimentado en la Convención Americana sobre Derechos Humanos, dicho sistema es una conquista de los Estados latinoamericanos y del Caribe (ni Canadá ni los Estados Unidos han ratificado la Convención), que debe ser celosamente protegida por todos.

Con preocupación hacemos notar que, hasta donde tenemos conocimiento, con la sola excepción de las decisiones de los tribunales militares del régimen de Fujimori, este es el único país del hemisferio en el que las sentencias de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos han sido expresamente rechazadas por el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia al declararlas no vinculantes e inaplicables.

El incumplimiento de las decisiones de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos por parte de uno de los Estados sujetos a su jurisdicción, apartándose de sus obligaciones internacionales según la propia Convención Americana, atenta no solamente contra la Corte sino contra la protección colectiva de los derechos humanos en el hemisferio.

Firmado,

Diego Abente Brun
Former Minister of Justice and Labor of Paraguay
Mariclaire Acosta
Former Undersecretary for Democracy and Human Rights of Mexico
Nicolás Ardito Barletta
Former President of Panama
Jimmy Carter
Former President of the United States of America
Jorge Castañeda
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mexico
Joe Clark
Former Prime Minister of Canada
Humberto de la Calle
Former Vice President of Colombia
César Gaviria
Former President of Colombia
John Graham
Chair Emeritus, Canadian Foundation for the Americas
Osvaldo Hurtado
Former President of Ecuador
Torquato Jardim
Former Justice of the Superior Electoral Tribunal of Brazil
Luis Alberto Lacalle
Former President of Uruguay
John Maisto
Former U.S. Ambassador to the OAS
John Manley
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada
Barbara McDougall
Former Minister of External Affairs of Canada
Robert Pastor
Former Director of Latin American and Caribbean Affairs
National Security Council
Andrés Pastrana
Former President of Colombia
Sergio Ramírez
Former Vice-President of Nicaragua
Ronald M. Sanders
Member Eminent Persons Group of the Commonwealth
Jorge Santistevan de Noriega
Former Human Rights Ombudsman of Peru
Eduardo Stein
Former Vice President of Guatemala
Alejandro Toledo
Former President of Peru
Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla
Former Director
National Office of Electoral Processes, Peru
Joaquín Villalobos
Founder of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), Signatory of the Peace Agreements of  El Salvador in 1992

Miembros del grupo de Amigos de la Carta Democrática Interamericana, con secretaría  en el Centro Carter, Atlanta Ga.

 


 
Declaration of the Friends of the Inter-American Democratic Charter
on the Venezuelan Decision Regarding the Ruling of the Inter-American
Court of Human Rights

 

We, the undersigned, regret the announcement of the Venezuelan Supreme Court that it will not be feasible to comply with the decisions of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in the case of Leopoldo Lopez vs. Venezuela issued on September 1, 2011.   The Inter-American Court together with the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights constitute a human rights system that serves as a model for the world.  Based in the American Convention on Human Rights, the system is an achievement of Latin American and Caribbean states (neither Canada nor the United States have ratified) that should be jealously protected by all.

We note with concern that to our knowledge, with the exception of the military courts rulings during the Fujimori regime, this is the only country in the hemisphere where the merits rulings of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights have been rejected by the Supreme Court in expressly declaring them non-binding and unenforceable.

The failure to comply with the findings of the Court by a signatory state under the jurisdiction of the Court, and departing from its international obligations as dictated by the American Convention, threatens not only the Court itself but also the collective defense of human rights in the hemisphere.
Signed,

Diego Abente Brun
Former Minister of Justice and Labor of Paraguay
Mariclaire Acosta
Former Undersecretary for Democracy and Human Rights of Mexico
Nicolás Ardito Barletta
Former President of Panama
Jimmy Carter
Former President of the United States of America
Jorge Castañeda
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mexico
Joe Clark
Former Prime Minister of Canada
Humberto de la Calle
Former Vice President of Colombia
César Gaviria
Former President of Colombia
John Graham
Chair Emeritus, Canadian Foundation for the Americas
Osvaldo Hurtado
Former President of Ecuador
Torquato Jardim
Former Justice of the Superior Electoral Tribunal of Brazil
Luis Alberto Lacalle
Former President of Uruguay
John Maisto
Former U.S. Ambassador to the OAS
John Manley
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada
Barbara McDougall
Former Minister of External Affairs of Canada
Robert Pastor
Former Director of Latin American and Caribbean Affairs
National Security Council
Andrés Pastrana
Former President of Colombia
Sergio Ramírez
Former Vice-President of Nicaragua
Ronald M. Sanders
Member Eminent Persons Group of the Commonwealth
Jorge Santistevan de Noriega
Former Human Rights Ombudsman of Peru
Eduardo Stein
Former Vice President of Guatemala
Alejandro Toledo
Former President of Peru
Fernando Tuesta Soldevilla
Former Director
National Office of Electoral Processes, Peru
Joaquín Villalobos
Founder of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), Signatory of the Peace Agreements of  El Salvador in 1992

Members of the informal group of Friends of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, with secretariat at The Carter Center in Atlanta, Ga.

 

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