Waging Peace.
Fighting Disease.
Building Hope.

The Republic of Sudan and The Republic of South Sudan

The Carter Center has worked with the people of Sudan and South Sudan since 1986 to help them resolve civil strife, achieve peace with their neighbors, create democratic processes, increase crop production, and prevent or eradicate devastating neglected diseases.


Waging Peace

The Carter Center helped find ways to end Sudan's civil war, working with President Carter to directly negotiate between the parties and helping to focus local, regional, and international opinion on peace, not war. Milestones included negotiation of the 1995 "Guinea worm cease-fire," which gave international health workers almost six months of relative peace to enter areas of Sudan previously inaccessible due to fighting; and the 1999 Nairobi Agreement between the governments of Sudan and Uganda, in which the governments pledged to stop supporting rebels acting against each other's governments. The Carter Center also observed historic elections in Sudan in 2010 and the historic referendum on independence for Southern Sudan in 2011.

Read full text on the Carter Center's peace work in Sudan >


Fighting Disease

The Center's first program in Sudan began in 1986 with agricultural development work focused on helping farmers to improve crop yields. The Center's efforts have since expanded into four programs – two of which are active in Sudan and South Sudan today.

The Guinea Worm Eradication Program has helped reduce the worldwide incidence of Guinea worm disease by 99 percent since it started in 1986. Guinea worm disease will be the first parasitic disease to be eradicated and the first to be eradicated without using vaccines. In 2002, no indigenous cases were found in northern Sudan, leaving the bulk of the world's remaining cases of Guinea worm in southern Sudan, now South Sudan, making it the crucial site for eradication efforts.

The success of the Guinea Worm Eradication Program also has been a vehicle for development and has broadly promoted Sudanese and South Sudanese public health and welfare, while fostering the introduction of two additional disease programs, river blindness and trachoma, to the region. However, the continued vitality of this public health work relies on sustained peace between the two nations.

Read full text on the Carter Center's health work in Sudan >


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Map of Sudan
(Click to enlarge)


Size: 1,861,484 square kilometers

Population: 34,847,910

Population below poverty line: 47 percent

Life expectancy: 63 years

Exports: gold, oil and petroleum products, cotton, sesame, livestock, groundnuts, gum arabic, sugar

Ethnic groups: Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata

Religions: Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority

Languages: Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur


(Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook 2013)

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Map of South Sudan
(Click to enlarge)


Size: 644,329 square kilometers

Population: 11,090,104

Population below poverty line: 50 percent

Ethnic groups: Dinka, Kakwa, Bari, Azande, Shilluk, Kuku, Murle, Mandari, Didinga, Ndogo, Bviri, Lndi, Anuak, Bongo, Lango, Dungotona, Acholi

Religions: animist, Christian

Languages: English (official), Arabic (includes Juba and Sudanese variants) (official), regional languages include Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Zande, Shilluk


(Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook 2013)

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