Timeline of The Carter Center
Founded in 1982 by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter, the Atlanta-based Carter Center has helped to improve the quality of life for people in more than 70 countries. The Center, in partnership with Emory University, is committed to advancing human rights and alleviating unnecessary human suffering.
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April 18: Former U.S. First Lady Rosalynn Carter and former Congressman Tony Coelho join federal government experts and other mental health officials at The Carter Center to discuss new research published in the American Journal of Public Health's first theme issue on stigma against people with mental illness.
April 14: At the invitation of Venezuela's National Election Council, The Carter Center sends a small delegation to accompany the Venezuelan people during the April 14 presidential election scheduled following the death of President Hugo Chavez.
April 11: The Carter Center and the Universidad de La Sabana, a private accredited university in Colombia, announce the launch of Colombia's Rosalynn Carter Fellowships for Mental Health Journalism, which will award two annual fellowships to local journalists to investigate and produce stories on mental health issues in the nation.
March 18: The Carter Center launches a series of nongovernmental dialogues between prominent leaders from Sudan and South Sudan to strengthen peace and create lasting understanding between the two countries.
March 15: The Carter Center's Mental Health Program in Liberia, in partnership with the Liberia Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, announces that efforts to improve access to mental health care in the post-conflict nation now reach all 15 counties in Liberia, with each county having access to at least one locally trained and credentialed mental health clinician.
March 4: A 60-person delegation observes Kenya's presidential and parliamentary elections and announces in subsequent weeks that, despite serious shortcomings in the management of technology and tabulation of final results, the paper-based procedure for counting and tallying votes confirmed the will of Kenyan voters.
Feb. 23: The Carter Center's annual Winter Weekend auction raises approximately $1.6 million to benefit work advancing peace and health worldwide.
Jan. 17: The Carter Center announces that the international Guinea worm eradication campaign reaches its final stages with only 542 cases reported worldwide in 2012, about half of the 2011 total.
Jan. 14: The Carter Center and the ACE Electoral Knowledge Network release two groundbreaking reports on voter identification processes and practices — a Carter Center comparative analysis of voter identification processes in Africa and Latin America and an ACE report on the balance between preventing fraud and protecting the right to vote.
Jan. 14: The Carter Center deploys a small team of analysts to conduct a study mission of Jordan's Jan. 23 parliamentary elections.
Dec. 10: The Uganda Ministry of Health announces it has interrupted transmission of river blindness (onchocerciasis) in three more areas of the country as part of a Carter Center-assisted effort to eliminate the disease nationwide by 2020.
Nov. 17: A team of 40 Carter Center observers find the Nov. 17 general elections in Sierra Leone to be peaceful, orderly, and transparent, with over 87 percent of those eligible turning out to vote. Eight long-term observers were in the field since Oct. 1 to report on campaigning, registration, and the overall electoral process. These were the first self-administered elections in Sierra Leone since the end of the civil war, representing an important test for the country's democratic consolidation.
Nov. 15: A Carter Center study mission of the Oct. 7 presidential election in Venezuela released its report today, noting increased citizen confidence in the voter system compared to past contests, while suggesting improvements to further strengthen the overall electoral system. It further noted acceptance by both campaigns of the vote as the will of the electorate, while also pointing out concerns about the unequal campaign conditions created by an incumbent president running for re-election.
Oct. 24: At a critical juncture in Georgia's efforts to restructure community access to quality mental health services, former U.S. First Lady Rosalynn Carter and Frank Berry, the new commissioner of the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Disabilities, co-host a public town hall meeting at Georgia South Technical College in Americus, Ga., one of six regions where citizens offered input on recommendations being developed by The Carter Center for improving behavioral health services in local communities statewide.
Oct. 18: The Carter Center deploys a study mission to the West Bank this week to assess the overall political and electoral conditions surrounding the Oct. 20, 2012, municipal elections. The Center was invited and accredited by the Central Election Commission (CEC) as guest observers.
Aug. 17: The Carter Center's project with the Liberia Ministry of Health and Social Welfare to build a sustainable mental health care system reaches an important milestone with 14 out of 15 counties in Liberia now having access to at least one locally trained and credentialed mental health clinician. Only three years prior, Liberia had one psychiatrist in the entire country.
July 7: A limited Carter Center election mission observes Libya's National General Congress elections, the first meaningful national polls in nearly six decades. The mission's preliminary report found that while improvements could be made in the electoral process, the July 7 vote was conducted in a credible manner and was adequate to determine the results of the election accurately.
July 13: The Carter Center awards the 2012-2013 Rosalynn Carter Fellowships for Mental Health Journalism to six journalists from the United States and two from Romania.
June 11: The Carter Center witnesses the runoff for Egypt's presidential election. The Center noted that the Egyptian people again demonstrated a deep commitment to the electoral process, but expressed grave concern about the broader political and constitutional context for the election.
June 4: The Carter Center and the Government of Liberia, through the Ministry of Internal Affairs, extended their Memorandum of Understanding to continue collaboration to promote and strengthen good governance and the rule of law in the nation.
May 23-24: Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter leads a Carter Center delegation to witness the first round of Egypt's presidential election, including 102 witnesses from 35 countries. The delegation visited 909 polling stations in 25 governorates to follow voting, counting, and tabulation.
May 17: The Sudan Federal Ministry of Health, with assistance from The Carter Center and Lions Clubs International Foundation, announces that the isolated desert area of Abu Hamad in Sudan has stopped transmission of river blindness (onchocerciasis). Abu Hamad is among the first areas in Africa to demonstrate that intensified mass treatment of the drug Mectizan®, donated by Merck, can interrupt transmission of this debilitating disease.
May 14: The Carter Center receives accreditation from Egypt's Supreme Presidential Election Commission to deploy an international delegation of some 80 witnesses, led by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, to the May 23-24, 2012, presidential election.
April 4: Haiti and the Dominican Republic hold the first of four binational meetings in 2012 to continue cooperative efforts to eliminate two mosquito-borne diseases malaria and lymphatic filariasis from the island of Hispaniola. Carter Center experts participated, along with experts from the National Center for Tropical Disease Control, the Dominican Republic's Ministry of Health, the National Malaria Control Program of the Haitian Ministry of Health, The Panamerican Health Organization (OPS), and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
April 3: The Carter Center announces its support for the Declaration of Global Principles for Nonpartisan Election Observation at the official launch of the document at the United Nations Headquarters in New York. Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter said that the Declaration, which represents decades of accumulated experience by more than 150 endorsing organizations, "signals a major accomplishment in the development of credible and effective election observation."
March 10: The Carter Center's annual Winter Weekend auction, held March 10, 2012, in San Diego, Calif., raised $1,347,550 to benefit the not-for-profit Center's initiatives to advance peace and health worldwide.
Feb. 23: The Carter Center congratulates Uganda for its historic achievement of interrupting transmission of river blindness disease (onchocerciasis) in several parts of the country. Of the 18 endemic areas in the country, Mt. Elgon, Itwara, and Wadelai were the first to interrupt transmission of river blindness since Uganda launched its elimination effort in 2007.
Feb. 12: A small Carter Center study group observes the Venezuelan opposition's primary elections, with the candidates chosen representing the political opposition in the Oct. 7 presidential elections and the December 2012 governor and mayoral elections.
Feb. 4: A Carter Center delegation of 30 international witnesses to the two-phase Shura Council (Upper House) elections in Egypt — found low levels of voter turnout, underscoring the political uncertainties surrounding Egypt's ongoing transition. Voting took place from Jan. 29-Feb. 22, 2012.
Jan. 30: The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and the Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) today announce $40 million in donations, which will enable a Carter Center-led eradication campaign to end Guinea worm disease by 2015. The Center also announced that provisional results show only 1,060 cases of Guinea worm occurred worldwide in 2011.
Jan. 10-11: Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter joins a 40-member Carter Center international delegation to witness the final phase of Egypt's People's Assembly (Lower House) parliamentary elections. Voting took place in three phases from Nov. 28, 2011, to Jan. 11, 2012. The Center found that while the elections enjoyed broad participation from voters and were a progressive step toward a democratic transition — and appeared to be a broadly accurate expression of the will of the voters — the ultimate success of Egypt's transition is dependent on the earliest possible handover of power to a civilian government accountable to the Egyptian people.
Jan. 6: The Friends of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, a group of former leaders and eminent persons in the western hemisphere, today called for "serious review and reform" of Nicaragua's electoral system.
Dec. 11: At the invitation of the Independent Electoral Commission, The Carter Center observes Cote d'Ivoire's 2011 legislative elections and finds the voting — an essential step in re-establishing the country's constitutional order — generally peaceful and without major security incidents. The elections achieved a key goal of the peace process laid out by the Political Accord of Ouagadougou.
Nov. 28: The Carter Center observes the presidential and legislative elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, co-led by former Zambia President Rupia Banda and Carter Center Vice President for Peace Programs Dr. John Stremlau. Although the Center found that the large and peaceful turnout of the Congolese people demonstrated their continuing commitment to the pursuit of peace, the provisional election results announced Dec. 9 by the Independent National Election Commission (CENI) lacked credibility, according to the post-election statement.
Nov. 28: Egyptians begin three-part Parliamentary Elections — slated to take place across three regions on separate polling days (Nov. 28, 2011; Dec. 14, 2011; and Jan. 3, 2012) — with an international Carter Center delegation present to "witness" all rounds of voting. The first multi-party elections since the departure of Hosni Mubarak, they represent a milestone in the country's democratic transition.
Nov. 8: Liberia's presidential run-off election is observed by an international Carter Center delegation —including more than 50 observers from 20 countries across Africa and around the world, and led by His Excellency General Dr. Yakubu Gowon, former head of state of Nigeria. The Center reported that although Liberia's Nov. 8 presidential run-off election was conducted in general accordance with Liberia's legal framework and its international obligations for democratic elections, it was marred by an opposition boycott, violence on the eve of the election, and low voter turnout.
Oct. 23: The Carter Center observes Tunisia's historic National Constituent Assembly elections — the first "Arab Spring" country to hold democratic elections. The delegation's co-leaders were former President of Mauritius Cassam Uteem and Carter Center President and CEO Dr. John Hardman. Former First Lady Rosalynn Carter also participated in the delegation.
Oct. 11: The Carter Center observes Liberia's presidential and legislative elections, a critical test for the country's transition from war to democratic and constitutional governance.
Oct. 5: During a press conference attended by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and WHO Director-General Dr. Margaret Chan, Britain's Department of International Development announces a £20 million (U.S. $31 million) donation to the Carter Center's Guinea Worm Eradication Program and calls on other donors to complete funding toward the goal of Guinea worm eradication by 2015.
Sept. 24: At the invitation of the Cherokee Nation Election Commission, The Carter Center deploys a small observation mission for the special election for principal chief. Observers commended the Cherokee Nation on a successful voting day and called for transparency as the election process continued via absentee ballot.
Aug. 12: The Carter Center celebrates the graduation of Liberia's first class of locally trained mental health clinicians, who were awarded certificates as part of a joint project between the Liberian Ministry of Health and The Carter Center to build a sustainable mental health system in the post-conflict nation.
Aug. 4: The Carter Center formally launches an international observation mission — at the invitation of the Tunisian electoral commission — to monitor Tunisia's Constituent Assembly elections, set for Oct. 23. This historic election marks the first by an "Arab Spring" country.
July 28: Once one of the most endemic countries for Guinea worm disease, Ghana announces that it has ended transmission of the water-borne parasitic disease, with the last indigenous case reported and contained in May 2010.
July 15: The Carter Center awards the 2011-2012 Rosalynn Carter Fellowships for Mental Health Journalism — now in its 15th year — to six U.S. and two Romanian journalists.
May 18: Despite a climate of heightened insecurity and instances of procedural irregularities that removed an important safeguard of the process, a report issued today by The Carter Center finds that South Kordofan's elections were generally peaceful and credible. The Center's election observation team included 24 observers from 14 nations.
April 6: A group of human rights defenders and religious leaders representing more than 20 countries gathered at The Carter Center April 3-6 for "Religion, Belief, and Women's Rights" — the Center's sixth human rights defenders policy forum — which called on faith leaders to reassess the role religions play in continuing discrimination against women worldwide.
March 31: After 13 years training more than 26,000 public health workers to help fill the gap in rural health services for 75 million Ethiopians, The Carter Center-assisted Ethiopia Public Health Training Initiative (EPHTI) — which worked in partnership with seven Ethiopian universities and the Ethiopian government to improve the public health education system — officially is transferred to Ethiopia's Federal Ministries of Health and Education.
March 28-30: In a follow-up to their May 2002 visit to Cuba, former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and former First Lady Rosalynn Carter meet with President Raul Castro and other Cuban officials and citizens to learn about new economic policies and the upcoming Party Congress, and to discuss ways to improve U.S.-Cuba relations. The visit was a private, nongovernmental mission under the auspices of the not-for-profit Carter Center.
Feb. 28: The Andean-U.S. Dialogue Forum, a citizens' forum — sponsored by The Carter Center and International IDEA to identify and contribute solutions to multilateral problems and tensions among the Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela) and the United States — issues a report outlining a common agenda to improve cooperation among the nations.
Feb. 27: Annual Winter Weekend auction, held at Port St. Lucie, Fla., raises $841,750 to benefit the nonprofit Carter Center's initiatives to advance peace and health worldwide.
Feb. 17: Carter Center ceremony honors Nigeria and Niger as most recent nations to halt Guinea worm disease transmission.
Jan. 19: The Carter Center, in partnership with the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission (JPC), expands its Community Legal Advisor (CLA) program to provide legal support services in nine rural Liberian counties. The program gives rural Liberians access to free community-based legal services and knowledge of their rights.
Jan. 9-15: In one of the Carter Center's largest observation missions, more than 100 Carter Center observers were deployed across Sudan and in eight out-of-country voting locations to witness voting in the referendum on independence for Southern Sudan, which was overwhelmingly approved by voters. The international team was led by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, former U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan, former Tanzania Prime Minister Joseph Warioba, and Dr. John Hardman, Carter Center president and CEO.