Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Carter Center has remained in the DRC following its November 2006 election observation mission, to join with Congolese civil society in the protection of human rights.
In spring 2007, The Carter Center began working on various programs to help consolidate progress toward democracy following the country's first democratic elections in 40 years. The challenge of building democratic institutions would be even more challenging than organizing the 2006 election, which was considered one of the world's most difficult logistical challenges.
QUICK FACTS: DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO
Size: 2,345,410 square kilometers - almost one-quarter the size of the United States
Religions: Roman Catholic, 50 percent; Protestant; Kimbanguist; Muslim; other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs
Life expectancy: 57 years
Languages: French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Ethnic groups: more than 200 African ethnic groups, of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) -- make up about 45 percent of the population
People living with HIV/AIDS: 1.1 million
(Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook 2008)