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Waging Peace:  Timor-Leste (formerly East Timor)


Go to: Monitoring Elections | Strengthening Communities and Rule of Law | Strengthening Civil Society


After four centuries of Portuguese rule, 24 years of Indonesian occupation, and two years of United Nations administration, East Timor gained independence on May 20, 2002. The Carter Center was closely involved with the birth of this first new nation of the 21st century.

During the U.N.-administered transition period, East Timor made progress toward consolidating democracy. With the support of the international community, East Timor has experienced successful elections, drafted and ratified a constitution, and begun to create important institutions needed to establish a strong, sustainable democracy, including a formal legal system and active civil society.


Monitoring Elections

The 1999 Public Consultation
The Carter Center began its involvement in East Timor in June 1999, when President Carter, leading an international observer mission for Indonesia's parliamentary elections, met in Jakarta with detained East Timorese leader Xanana Gusmao, who expressed his concerns for the safety of the East Timorese people during the consultation period and his belief that international observation would be essential to the safe conduct of the ballot. Given East Timor's long history of oppression and the presence of pro-integration militia, there was concern that militia would create an atmosphere of intimidation prior to the vote. The Carter Center mission, therefore, focused on monitoring the political and security environment prior to, during, and after balloting.

After receiving an invitation from Indonesian President Habibie, The Carter Center was accredited as the first international observer group and opened an office in East Timor's capital of Dili to monitor the Aug. 30 public consultation. Read full text >


Election Reports

View Carter Center election reports for Timor-Leste >


Strengthening Communities and Rule of Law

From December 2001 through March 2002, the Center implemented a project to promote good governance, accountability of public institutions through the dissemination of public information to citizens, and the work of local organizations at the grassroots level.

The Center also conducted several one-day training workshops addressing rule of law and rights, civilian policing in Timor-Leste, police authority, and the role of local organizations in promoting a positive relationship between police and citizens.


Strengthening Civil Society

As a component of its overall program to support the growth of democracy in Timor-Leste, The Carter Center administered several small grants to East Timorese nongovernmental organizations to contribute to building a stronger civil society. Through these small grants, the Center supported the establishment of the Association of Men Against Violence and supported two women's civic education workshops in Dili district organized by the Grupo Feto Foin Sae Timor Lora Sae.


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