Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory
The Camp David Accords, a peace agreement between Egyptian President Anwar
al-Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, were a major achievement of the Carter administration. President Carter's dedication to promoting peace in the Middle East continues today through the work of The Carter Center to monitor elections, promote human rights, and resolve conflict.
President and Mrs. Carter and The Carter Center have worked to support a viable two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and to promote comprehensive peace in the region for decades. The conflict between the major Palestinian political parties Fatah and Hamas has been a particular focus. Palestinian national unity is critical to the success of a two-state solution and the conflict has fractured Palestinian democratic institutions and fed a spiral of intra-Palestinian human rights abuses in the Occupied Territory.
The Center's activities aim to bring about sustainable peace between Israel, its neighbors, and other regional actors, including fostering inclusive democratic societies and advancing human rights, accountability, and rule of law.
QUICK FACTS: THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY
Occupied Palestinian Territory: 6,020 sq. km West Bank: 5,655 sq. km; 130 km long, 40-65 km in width
Gaza Strip: 365 sq. km; 45 km long, 5-12 km in width
(Self-rule area: 210 square kilometers)
Total Occupied Palestinian Territory: 3,761,646
West Bank: 2,345,107
Gaza Strip: 1,416,539
(Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook 2013)