THE CARTER CENTER
Waging Peace.
Fighting Disease.
Building Hope.

Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory

The Camp David Accords, a peace agreement between Egyptian President Anwar
al-Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, were a major achievement of the Carter administration. President Carter's dedication to promoting peace in the Middle East continues today through the work of The Carter Center to monitor elections, promote human rights, and resolve conflict
.

 

Waging Peace

President and Mrs. Carter and The Carter Center have worked to support a viable two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and to promote comprehensive peace in the region for decades. The conflict between the major Palestinian political parties Fatah and Hamas has been a particular focus. Palestinian national unity is critical to the success of a two-state solution and the conflict has fractured Palestinian democratic institutions and fed a spiral of intra-Palestinian human rights abuses in the Occupied Territory.

The Center's activities aim to bring about sustainable peace between Israel, its neighbors, and other regional actors, including fostering inclusive democratic societies and advancing human rights, accountability, and rule of law.

Read full text on the Carter Center's peace work in Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory >

 

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Map of The Palestinian Territories
(Click to enlarge)

 

QUICK FACTS: THE OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY

Size:
Occupied Palestinian Territory: 6,020 sq. km West Bank: 5,655 sq. km; 130 km long, 40-65 km in width
Gaza Strip: 365 sq. km; 45 km long, 5-12 km in width
(Self-rule area: 210 square kilometers)


Population:
Total Occupied Palestinian Territory: 3,761,646
West Bank: 2,345,107
Gaza Strip: 1,416,539


Population living as refugees: 349,000

Intended seat of government: East Jerusalem

Population below poverty line: Estimated 47 percent (2003)

Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 74 years (women)

Main export: Citrus

Languages: Arabic, Hebrew, English

Religions: Islam, 97 percent; Christianity, 3 percent 

Ethnic groups:
West Bank: Palestinian Arab and other, 83 percent; Jewish, 17 percent
Gaza Strip: Palestinian Arab and other, 99.4 percent; Jewish, 0.6 percent

(Sources: Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, PASSIA, BBC)


Map of Israel
(Click to enlarge)


QUICK FACTS: ISRAEL

Size: 20,770 square kilometers

Population:  6,426,679

Average annual income: $20,210 USD

Population below poverty line: 21 percent

Life expectancy: 79 years

Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language

Religions: Jewish, 80 percent; Muslim (mostly Sunni Muslim); Christian; other

Ethnic groups: Jewish, 80 percent; non-Jewish

 

(Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook 2013)


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