Waging Peace.
Fighting Disease.
Building Hope.
News &smp; Publications

Schistosomiasis Control Program – Articles by Carter Center Experts


Feb. 4, 2013
Assessing the WHO 50% Prevalence Threshold in School-Aged Children as Indication for Treatment of Urogenital Schistosomiasis in Adults in Central Nigeria (PDF)
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2013 doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.12-0511.
Authors: Darin S. Evans,* Jonathan D. King, Abel Eigege, John Umaru, William Adamani, Kal Alphonsus, Yohanna Sambo, Emmanual S. Miri, Danjuma Goshit, Gladys Ogah, and Frank O. Richards. Preventive chemotherapy with praziquantel is recommended in adults by the World Health Organization when prevalence of schistosomiasis in school-aged children (SAC) is ³ 50%. This study ascertained the value of this threshold in predicting prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma hematobium (SH) infection in adults in central Nigeria.


Nov. 1, 2009
Integrating NTD Mapping Protocols: Can Surveys for Trachoma and Urinary Schistosomiasis Be Done Simultaneously (PDF)
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2009 Doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2009.09-0236
Authors: Jonathan D. King*, Abel Eigege, Frank Richards Jr, Nimzing Jip, John Umaru, Michael Deming, Emmanuel Miri, Deborah McFarland and Paul M. Emerson. We determined whether the school-based "disease mapping" methodology used to assess urinary schistosomiasis (SCH) is useful for determining trachoma interventions and whether the district-based approach recommended for trachoma is useful for SCH control programs. We conducted two separate integrated surveys in eight districts of central Nigeria: school based and district based. A total of 17,189 children were examined for trachoma and 16,238 children were examined for hematuria from 363 schools and 2,149 households.


June 1, 2008
Dracunculiasis, Onchocerciasis, Schistosomiasis, and Trachoma (PDF)
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1136: 45-52 (2008), Issue - Reducing the Impact of Poverty on Health and Human Development: Scientific Approaches, Donald R. Hopkins, Frank O. Richards, Jr, Ernesto Ruiz-Tiben, Paul Emerson, P. Craig Withers, Jr. Published Online: 25 Jul 2008. The definitive version is available at


Aug. 1, 2006
Integration of Mass Drug Administration Programs in Nigeria: The Challenge of Schistosomiasis
The following was published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, August 2006, Volume 84, Issue 8. By Frank O Richards Jr., Abel Eigege, Emmanuel S. Miri, MY Jinadu, and Donald R. Hopkins.



Sign Up for Email Updates

Thanks for Signing Up!

Please leave this field empty

Thanks for Staying Updated!

Now, we invite you to Get Involved