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Access to Justice in Liberia

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SGBV Prosecutors Manual
Handbook for the Justice and Peace Commission
Handbook for Civil Society Partners


The Carter Center Record

The Carter Center Record provides a platform for local voices to discuss issues of justice.

Issue 7

Issue 6

Issue 5

Issue 4

Issue 3

Issue 2

Issue 1



The Carter Center newsletter provides partners and donors with updates on project activities.

April 2010

December 2009

September 2009

February 2009

December 2008


Web Articles and Features

March 19, 2012
Formal and Informal Justice in Liberia (PDF)
Featured in Accord, a publication of Conciliation Resources, issue 23.
In this article, Pewee Flomoku and Counsellor Lemuel Reeves from the Carter Center describe their organisation's experiences in promoting justice in post-war Liberia, in particular in linking traditional and formal justice systems.


Feb. 14, 2012
Carter Center, JPC Expand Legal Support Services
Published Feb. 14, 2012 by The Inquirer (Liberia).
The Carter Center in partnership with the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission (JPC) with understanding from the Ministry of Justice has expanded its Community Legal Advisor (CLA) Program to provide legal support services in Montserrado County.


Feb. 10, 2011
Carter Center and JPC Expand Liberian Community Legal Advice Services Into Montserrado County
The Carter Center, in partnership with the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission (JPC), and working under a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Justice, is expanding its Community Legal Advisor (CLA) program to provide legal support services in Montserrado County. With support from USAID and Humanity United, this expansion now will enable residents of Monrovia and surrounding communities to have access to free community-based legal services, access to alternative dispute resolution, and knowledge of their rights.


Jan. 19, 2011
Carter Center and JPC Expand Liberian Community Legal Advice Services Into Nine Counties
The Carter Center, in partnership with the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission (JPC), is expanding its Community Legal Advisor (CLA) program to provide legal support services in nine rural Liberian counties.  With support from USAID and Humanity United, the services will be continued and expanded for the next two years.


May 14, 2010
Carter Center Launches Local Dispute Management Program in Liberia
The Carter Center is launching an 18-month USAID-funded project to strengthen the capacity of Liberia's local indigenous leaders to manage local disputes, as well as to provide the officers of the National Traditional Council enhanced ability to respond to major disputes.  The project is implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the National Traditional Council.


May 1, 2010
National Conference on Enhancing Access to Justice  Addresses Dual Justice Reform
From April 15-17, 2010, key actors from both the statutory and customary justice systems in Liberia held important discussions on the way forward for the justice sector, as part of the National Conference on Enhancing Access to Justice in Liberia.


March 10, 2010
Watch the Video: Panelists Discuss "Africa - Elections Aren't Enough" During Latest Conversations at The Carter Center Event
On March 10, 2010, Professor Paul Collier, award-winning author of books such as "The Bottom Billion" and "War, Guns, and Votes" and professor of economics and director of the Center for the Study of African Economies at Oxford University, led a panel discussion "Africa: Elections Aren't Enough" at The Carter Center. Collier was joined on a panel by David Carroll, director of the Carter Center's Democracy Program; Jennifer McCoy, director of the Center's Americas Program; and Tom Crick, associate director of the Center's Conflict Resolution Program and Liberia project manager.  The discussion was moderated by Carter Center Vice President for Peace Programs, John Stremlau and included discussion of the Center's work in Liberia on elections and post-election peace-building. The Center for the Study of African Economies is partnering with the Carter Center to help evaluate the Center's Community Legal Advisor project in Liberia.


Feb. 16, 2010
Community Legal Advisors Help Ensure Rural Citizens Have Access to Justice
Working with monitors from the Catholic Justice and Peace Commission (JPC), the Carter Center supports legal advice services in marginalized rural communities through a network of 32 Community Legal Advisors (CLAs) in eight counties.


Feb. 11, 2010
Analysis of the Dual Legal System
Since February 2009, a Legal Working Group (LWG) comprised of Liberian legal experts has worked to evaluate the current status of, and ways forward for, the dual legal system in Liberia.  The LWG was created under the auspices of The Ministry of Justice and supported by UNMIL Legal and Judicial System Support Division, United States Institute for Peace (USIP), George Washington University, and The Carter Center. 


Oct. 1, 2009
Liberian Woman Uses Legal Service to Stop Abuse
For 30 years, Henrietta Gayflor* endured ongoing physical abuse from her partner. After he assaulted her in her front yard one day, Gayflor decided to take action.


Aug. 11, 2009
Resolution by the National Traditional Council of Liberia based on Consultative Conferences of Traditional Leaders held in 2008 (PDF)
In 2008, the Carter Center worked with the Ministry of Internal Affairs to convene three consultative conferences for traditional leaders in Bomi, Bong and Grand Gedeh counties.  At the workshops, the National Traditional Council produced statements agreeing to uphold new rape and inheritance laws and also expressed a willingness to revisit the issue of sassywood, an often fatal form of trial by ordeal still practiced in the present despite having been outlawed in 1916.


July 14, 2009
Statement By The Carter Center on the Release of the Final Report of Liberia's Truth and Reconciliation Commission
Based on the Carter Center's long concern for the peace and well-being of the Liberian people and its current collaboration with the government of Liberia to conduct civic education on the rule of law, this statement aims to help explain in simple terms what will happen now that the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) has issued its final report.

Jan. 22, 2009
Carter Center and Ministry of Internal Affairs Lead Workshops to Strengthen Rule of Law and Expand Role of Women in Liberia's Local Governance
The Carter Center, in partnership with Liberia's Ministry of Internal Affairs, the National Traditional Council, and the Ministry of Gender, will conduct workshops for Liberia's local leaders on how to strengthen the rule of law and expand the role of women in local governance in each of the country's fifteen counties between Jan. 27 and the end of April 2009.


June 9, 2009
Liberia's Land Just for Some
Published June 9, 2009, by IPS - Inter Press Service.
After watching the murder of her husband and his three other wives by Charles Taylor's rebels, Fatu Bonah and her seven children fled into the dense forest to hide.


May 20, 2009
After Wars, Mass Rapes Persist
This Nicholas D. Kristof op-ed was publised May 20, 2009, by The New York Times.
Traditionally, an international issue was "serious" only if it was arcane and, preferably, incomprehensible. To be respected in foreign policy, it helped to smoke a pipe, spout theories about ballistic missiles, and frequently employ the word "hegemony."


Dec. 22, 2008
Harvard Article Spotlights the Carter Center's Work in Rural Liberia
At the invitation of  President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, The Carter Center is helping Liberia rebuild  its legal infrastructure, which is a prerequisite for lasting peace and democratic progress. We work in partnership with leaders at the highest levels of government, as well as those in the most remote areas of Liberia, and act as a communication bridge between these groups.


Feb. 11, 2008
Q&A With Liberia's Minister of Justice Philip A.Z. Banks
In this Q&A, Liberia's Minister of Justice Banks talks about strengthening Liberia's rule of law.


Feb. 11, 2008
Q&A With Liberia's Solicitor General Taiwan S. Gongloe
In this Q&A, Solicitor General Gongloe talks about his hope for Liberia and its people.


Feb. 11, 2008
Carter Center Partners with Traditional Leader of Liberian Women
Mama Tumeh, leader of the country-wide Traditional Women for Peace — a Carter Center partner—is regarded as the spiritual leader of women throughout Liberia.  Her work is bringing a message of hope and empowerment to women who are survivors of the country's 14-year civil war, many of whom lost their husbands and other family members.  In this Q&A, Mama Tumeh reflects on the "new Liberia."


Feb. 11, 2008
Q&A With Oscar Dolo, Director of the Modia Drama Club
The Modia Drama Club, based in Gbarnga, Liberia, is a Carter Center partner in the rule of law public education and awareness campaign. Members travel to Liberia's most remote villages by foot, motorcycle, and four-wheel drive, to educate entire communities—often gathered in open-air settings—through skits, music, and interactive dialogue on Liberia's new laws.


Nov. 29, 2007
Carter Center Helps Educate Liberians on Laws, Rights
Although the country's decades of violence are over, Liberia's women continue to face their own private wars: marital rape, domestic abuse, poverty. The Carter Center, at the invitation of Liberia's Ministry of Justice and in partnership with community-based organizations in the West African country, is helping close the violence gap through local education programs and governmental capacity building.


Nov. 1, 2007
Carter Center Assists Liberia's Ministry of Justice in Strengthening Rule of Law
At the invitation of the Government of Liberia, the Carter Center's "Strengthening the Rule of Law and Combating Impunity" project, begun in October 2006, is filling critical gaps in the delivery of justice in rural Liberia.


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