Activities by Country


In the late 1980s, President Carter mediated between warring Ethiopian and Eritrean factions during a conflict that resulted in the independent nation of Eritrea.

For several years following its independence, the country suffered food shortages, and The Carter Center was invited to assist with food security programming in 1996.


Waging Peace

In September 1989, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front and the government of the People's Republic of Ethiopia took the first steps toward full-scale peace negotiations after 28 years of fighting when they met for 12 days at The Carter Center. Leaders from both sides asked former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, during trips to the region in 1988 and 1989, to mediate.

Read full text on the Carter Center's peace work in Eritrea >


Fighting Disease

Agriculture accounted for 50 percent of Eritrea's gross domestic product when The Carter Center, in partnership with the Eritrean Ministry of Agriculture and the Sasakawa Africa Association, began food security programming in 1996.

Read full text on the Carter Center's health work in Eritrea >


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Map of Eritrea
(Click to enlarge)


Size: 117,600 square kilometers

Population: 6,233,682

Population below poverty line: 50 percent

Life expectancy: 63 years

Ethnic groups: nine recognized ethnic groups: Tigrinya, Tigre, Saho, Kunama, Rashaida, Bilen, other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera)

Religions: Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Languages: Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages


(Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook 2013)

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