In the late 1980s, President Carter mediated between warring Ethiopian and Eritrean factions during a conflict that resulted in the independent nation of Eritrea.
For several years following its independence, the country suffered food shortages, and The Carter Center was invited to assist with food security programming in 1996.
In September 1989, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front and the government of the People's Republic of Ethiopia took the first steps toward full-scale peace negotiations after 28 years of fighting when they met for 12 days at The Carter Center. Leaders from both sides asked former U.S. President Jimmy Carter, during trips to the region in 1988 and 1989, to mediate.
Agriculture accounted for 50 percent of Eritrea's gross domestic product when The Carter Center, in partnership with the Eritrean Ministry of Agriculture and the Sasakawa Africa Association, began food security programming in 1996.
QUICK FACTS: ERITREA
(Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook 2013)