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Mauritania

Fighting Disease

The Carter Center helped Mauritania mobilize its resources to wipe out Guinea worm disease in just five years.

+Eradicating Guinea Worm Disease

Current Status: Transmission stopped, June 2004 (Read the announcement)
Certification of Dracunculiasis Elimination: 2009

Current Guinea worm case reports >

When Mauritania established a national Guinea Worm Eradication Program in 1995, five regions were endemic: Assaba, Gorgol, Guidimaka, Brakna, and Tagant, with 122 villages reporting a national total of 1,240 cases. By the following year, only Assaba, Gorgol, and Guidimaka remained endemic.

To traverse the deserts and reach isolated and remote areas, health workers rode camels, horses, and donkeys to implement their monthly training and case reporting activities. In 1996, the government of Japan agreed to provide 200 wells in endemic areas of the country. Mauritania reported its last indigenous case in June 2004, and after 12 consecutive months with zero cases, disease transmission was considered stopped.

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QUICK FACTS: MAURITANIA

Size: 1,030,700 square kilometers


Population: 3,596,702


Population below poverty line: 40 percent


Life expectancy: 63 years


Ethnic groups: black Moors (Haratines), white Moors (known as Bidhan), black Africans (non-Arabic speaking, Halpulaar, Soninke, Wolof, and Bamara ethnic groups)


Religions: Muslim (official)


Languages: Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof (all national languages), French

Source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook 2016

 

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