The Nairobi Agreement: Dec. 8, 1999


In order to enhance relations between our two countries and to promote peace in the region, we make the following commitments:

1. Each of us will respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the other, in accordance with the charters of the United Nations and the Organisation for African Unity.

2. We renounce the use of force to resolve differences, and will take steps to prevent any hostile actions against each other.

3. We will make every effort to disband and disarm terrorist groups and to prevent any acts of terrorism or hostile actions that might originate in our territory that might endanger the security of the other nation.

4. We agree not to harbor, sponsor, or give military or logistical support to any rebel groups, opposition groups, or hostile elements from each other’s territories.

5. We will join in a common effort to promote regional peace, both on our own initiative and in full support and in no way to prejudice or interfere with IGAD’s role in bringing an end to the civil war in Sudan.

6. We will refrain from hostile and negative propaganda campaigns against each other.

7. We will return all prisoners of war to their respective nations.

8. We especially condemn any abuse or injury of innocent citizens, and will make a special effort to locate any abductees, especially children, who have been abducted in the past and return them to their families. All information about such cases will be shared with The Carter Center, UNICEF, and other international organisations and we will cooperate fully in the search and rescue of these victims, beginning immediately with those who can be identified.

9. We will honor international laws governing refugees, NGO activities, and cross-border transportation, and facilitate the return or resettlement of refugees in accordance with UNHCR regulations.

10. We will offer amnesty and reintegration assistance to all former combatants who renounce the use of force.

11. If all other terms of this agreement are honored satisfactorily, we desire to reestablish normal relations between our two countries. Within a month of this date, we will open offices in both capital cities and assign junior diplomatic personnel for service. By the end of February 2000, ambassadors will be exchanged and full diplomatic relations restored.

In order to implement this agreement, designated members of our contact groups will act as an interim committee. As soon as practical, a joint ministerial committee will be established with at least three sub-committees, to deal with political, security, and humanitarian issues.

We understand that, when requested, The Carter Center will publicize this agreement and continue to play a role in its implementation.

Signed by:
President, Republic of Uganda
Omar al-BASHIR
President, Republic of Sudan
Witnessed by:
Former US President,
Chair, The Carter Center
Daniel Toroitich arap MOI
President, Republic of Kenya

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