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Hispaniola Initiative – Articles By Carter Center Experts

June 2018
Building Trust through Lymphatic Filariasis Elimination: A Platform to Address Social Exclusion and Human Rights in the Dominican Republic
Published by Health and Human Rights Journal, Volume 20, Issue 1, June 2018.
Authors: Hunter Keys, Manuel Gonzales, Madsen Beau de Rochars, Stephen Blount, and Gregory S. Noland.
Hispaniola, the Caribbean island that includes the countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic (DR), accounts for 90% of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in the Americas. Both countries have committed to LF elimination by 2020. In the DR, LF occurs mainly in bateyes, or company towns that historically hosted migrant laborers from Haiti. A legacy of anti-Haitian discrimination as well as the 2013 Sentencia, which stripped generations of Haitian-descended Dominicans of their citizenship, ensure that this population remains legally, economically, and socially marginalized. Despite this context, the country’s LF elimination program (PELF) has worked in bateyes to eliminate LF through health education and annual drug treatment to interrupt parasite transmission.

Nov. 28, 2016
We Must Finish Fight Against Diseases We've Overlooked for Too Long
Published by CNN
Authors: Mary Ann Peters and Sue Desmond-Hellmann
Op-Ed. The first thing you notice about Jude is his playful spirit and insatiable curiosity. An inquisitive and talented 13-year-old boy in Nigeria, Jude loves going to school, practicing drums and playing soccer with his friends. He dreams of growing up to serve his community and nation.

Oct. 26, 2015
Post-MDA Transmission Assessment Survey for the Elimination of Lymphatic Filariasis in La Ciénaga, Dominican Republic (PDF)
Published by the American Journal of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and reposted with permission.
Authors: Gregory S. Noland, Stephen Blount, and Manuel Gonzalez. The Dominican Republic is one of four remaining countries in the Americas with lymphatic filariasis (LF). Annual mass drug administration (MDA) with albendazole and diethylcarbamazine was conducted in La Ciénaga, an impoverished urban barrio in Santo Domingo from 2004 to 2006. Eight years after the last MDA, a transmission assessment survey (TAS) was conducted in November–December 2014 to determine if LF transmission remains absent.

Feb. 15, 2013
Meeting of the International Task Force for Disease Eradication, November 2012 (PDF)
Published in the Weekly Epidemiological Record by the World Health Organization, 2013, 88, 73-80. Posted with permission.
The 20th meeting of the International Task Force for Disease Eradication (ITFDE) was convened at The Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia, on Nov. 27, 2012, to discuss the potential eradicability of yaws and receive an update on progress towards elimination of malaria and lymphatic filariasis from Hispaniola. 

Jan. 3, 2013
Disease Eradication
Published by New England Journal of Medicine, Vol 368 No. 1.pp. 53-64. Doi:10.1056/NEJMra1200391
Author: Donald R. Hopkins.
Since the last case of naturally occurring smallpox in 1977, there have been three major international conferences devoted to the concept of disease eradication. Several other diseases have been considered as potential candidates for eradication, but the World Health Organization (WHO) has targeted only two other diseases for global eradication after smallpox. In 1986, WHO's policy-making body, the World Health Assembly, adopted the elimination of dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) as a global goal, and it declared eradication of poliomyelitis a global goal in 1988. Although both diseases now appear to be close to eradication, the fact that neither goal has been achieved after more than two decades — and several years beyond the initial target dates for their eradication — underscores the daunting challenge of such efforts, as does the failure of previous attempts to eradicate malaria, hookworm, yaws, and other diseases. "Disease Eradication" was published as part one of "A Global View of Health – An Unfolding Series." Read the overview of the series >

March 13, 2009
Meeting of the International Task Force for Disease Eradication, October 2008 (PDF)
Published in Weekly Epidemiological Record, by the World Health Organization, 2009, 84, 85-96. Posted with permission.
The 13th meeting of the International Task Force for Disease Eradication was convened at The Carter Center in Atlanta, Georgia, on Oct. 29, 2008, to discuss status of the global campaigns to eliminate lymphatic filariasis and dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease), an update on efforts to eliminate malaria and lymphatic filariasis from the island of Hispaniola, and a report on the first review of buruli ulcer control programs..

Jan. 26, 2007
Meeting of the International Task Force for Disease Eradication
Published in the Weekly epidemiological record/Releve epidemiologique hebdomadaire, by the World Health Organization, No. 4, 207, 82, 25-32 (PDF)
Meeting of the International Task Force for Disease Eradication — 12 May 2006/Reunion du Groupe special international pour l'eradication des maladies — 12 mai 2006.

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