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Conflict Resolution Program - Program Reports

Nov. 19, 2019
Explosive Munitions Contamination in Southern Syria
This study, the first of a series, aims to analyze and visualize the Carter Center Syria Project’s conflict mapping data on explosive weapons use in As Sweida, Daraa, and Quneitra governorates to highlight areas at risk of explosive weapons contamination. An interactive version of this study can be accessed here. This analysis developed out of the Syria Project’s ongoing support of mediators and humanitarians inside Syria. In southern Syria alone the Carter Center has documented at least 36,404 uses of explosive munitions, extrapolated from 9,446 conflict events in southern Syria between July 2013 and May 2019. Explosive weapons—such as barrel bombs, rockets, grenades—impacted at least 255 communities in southern Syria. Yet, over 60% of the total recorded explosive munitions occurred in just 15 locations in southern Syria, the majority in Daraa Governorate. This report aims to support operational planners, raise awareness among key decision-makers, and highlight the need for an effective, long-term policy response to contamination from explosive weapons.

Oct. 28-Nov. 3, 2019
Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: The Government of Syria (GoS) increased shelling and aerial activity in the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated northwest. Civilian demonstrations against HTS occurred in several locations in Idleb. There was also an increase in improvised explosive device (IED) activity in the Turkish-controlled areas of Aleppo Governorate. South & Central: Attacks against GoS-aligned personnel and former opposition members continued in central and southern Syria.  Northeast: Further changes in territorial control occurred in the northeast, as the Turkish-led invasion continues. IED attacks occurred in Tal Abiad, Hammam al Turkman, and Suluk. In addition to low-level attacks against Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in the Euphrates River and Khabour River Valleys, a clash between GoS-backed forces and SDF occurred near Deir ez Zor City.

Oct. 21-27, 2019
Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) shelling and aerial activity continued in the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb enclave. Elevated levels of conflict also continued in the Tal Rifaat area. Clashes were reported also between three Turkish-backed groups in Al Bab. South & Central: In addition to attacks against GoS-aligned personnel in central and southern Syria, ISIS claimed its fifth attack of the year in Daraa Governorate. There are reports of criminal activity in Nahta town. Northeast: Turkish-led militias advanced in northeast Syria between Tal Abiad and Ras al Ain, despite a ceasefire and a new agreement between Turkey and Russia reached on 22 October. Turkish-backed, opposition’s Syrian National Army militias were responsible for summary executions and looting.

Oct.14-20, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) shelling and aerial bombardment continued in the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS) dominated Idleb enclave. South and Central: Attacks against GoS-aligned personnel in central and southern Syria continued, including a suicide bomb attack in Daraa Governorate. Northeast: As Turkish-led incursions continued into northern Syria, the leadership of the Northeast Self-Administration reached a deal with the GoS, allowing GoS forces to secure key highways, various border locations, and Menbej District.

Oct. 7-13, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary 
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) shelling and aerial activity onto the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb enclave continued this week.  South & Central: Violence continued against GoS-aligned personnel in southern Syria, including one event that targeted a joint Syrian/Russian Military Patrol near Ankhel. Northeast: The combined Turkish and Syrian opposition invasion of northern Syria continued this week. Attacks against Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) continued in the Euphrates Valley.

Oct. 17, 2019
Special Report: Internal Conflict in Northwest Syria, September 2018-August 2019
From September 2019 through August 2019, conflict between armed opposition groups within the northwest of Syria has declined, especially following the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)1 takeover of Idleb in January 2019 and the Government of Syria (GoS) offensive that began in May 2019. However, at least 18 locations in the Idleb enclave have witnessed persistent internal violence throughout the year, suggesting that deep-rooted tensions between various groups remain.

Sept. 30-Oct. 6, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Elevated levels of Government of Syria (GoS) shelling and aerial bombing continued in the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS) dominated Idleb enclave. South & Central: In addition to low-level violence in southern Syria, a rocket struck Daraa City. Groups loyal to the GoS clashed for the second time within a month in Kharab Shaham town. Northeast: A statement by the White House implying US forces would not intervene if Turkey invaded northeast Syria contradicted an agreement reached earlier between the U.S. and Turkey over a security zone along the Turkish-Syrian border.

Sept. 23-29, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Elevated levels of Government of Syria (GoS) shelling continued on the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb enclave. Improvised explosive device (IED) activity targeted local armed groups and civilians in Turkish-backed area of Aleppo Governorate. South & Central: An increase in attacks against GoS-aligned personnel, former opposition members, and civilians preceded the arrival of additional GoS forces in southern Syria. For the second time in a month, GoS forces seized property in former opposition areas around the capital. Northeast: Civilian protests denouncing the government continued in GoS-held areas of Deir Ez Zor Governorate. For the fourth time in a month, airstrikes targeted Iranian-linked sites in Abu Kamal.

Sept. 16-22, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Despite a decrease in Government of Syria (GoS) aerial bombardment, increased levels of shelling on the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb enclave continued. In the Turkish-backed areas of northern Aleppo Governorate, improvised explosive device (IED) attacks and inter-group clashes increased. South & Central: Attacks against GoS-aligned personnel continued in southern Syria and included a ISIS-claimed IED attack. ISIS activity also resumed in central areas of the country after the completion of a GoS ISIS clearance operation last week. Northeast: Widespread civilian protests against Iranian presence were reported in GoS-held Deir Ez Zor Governorate. The protests occurred two days after two airstrikes struck Iranian linked sites in the far east.

Sept. 9-15, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary 
Northwest: The Government of Syria (GoS) did not gain more territory in the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS) dominated enclave this week. However, aerial activity resumed after a 10 day pause. GoS shelling also increased this week. Inside the de-escalation zone, HTS cracked down on dissent. South & Central: Attacks against GoS-aligned personnel and former opposition members continued in southern Syria. In the Qudsaya neighbourhood of Damascus, GoS conducted the third arrest operation of the year. GoS also announced the end of an anti-ISIS operation in Homs. Northeast: Another joint US/Turkish patrol took place in Tal Abiad this week. Low-level attacks against the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) continued despite SDF security operations in the region.

Sept. 23, 2019
Observations on the Implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, Emanating from the Algiers Process (PDF) (En français)
Despite recent progress in the demobilization of combatants from former armed groups, foot-dragging and lack of support from decision-makers is significantly delaying the implementation of Mali’s 2015 peace agreement, according to a new Carter Center report.

Sept. 1-8, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary 
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) momentum slowed in Idleb this week, with no advances recorded. Further civilian protests denouncing Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS) took place in the northwest, in addition to pro-HTS and pro-Hurras al Din demonstrations. South & Central: Attacks against GoS-aligned personnel and former opposition members continued in southern Syria, including two unusual attacks claimed by ISIS. Northeast: The first joint US/Turkish ground patrol took place in Tal Abiad this week as part of an ongoing implementation of the “safe zone” in northern Syria.

Aug. 26-Sept. 1, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) forces advanced in Idleb this week. Elevated levels of conflict continued between Turkish-aligned groups and the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) in the Tal Rifaat pocket. The U.S. conducted a strike on the Al Qaeda-affiliated Huras al Din. South & Central: Attacks against GoS-aligned personnel and civilians continued in southern Syria, despite GoS deploying re-enforcements the previous week. ISIS attacks against GoS and aligned personnel also continued in central areas of the country. Northeast: Implementation of the “safe zone” started in northern Syria this week, with Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) troop further withdrawing and a joint US/Turkish aerial patrol above Ras al Ain.

Aug. 19-25, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) forces captured Khan Sheikhun and areas south of the city from Jaish al Izza. Inside the northwest enclave, a Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS) crackdown on perceived decent was underway. South & Central: In response to attacks against GoS-aligned personnel, former opposition groups, and civilians in Daraa, GoS sent re-enforcements to western areas of the Daraa governorate. GoS attempts to curb ISIS activities were also reported in central areas of the country. Northeast: Improvised explosive device (IED) and small arms fire attacks continued against Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

Aug. 29, 2019
Update on Conflict in Southern Syria: August 2018 to July 2019
In the year since the government of Syria (GoS) takeover of southern Syria in August 2018, a steady growth in low-level conflict has been recorded, with at least 249 violent incidents against GoS and aligned personnel, former opposition members, and civilians. Just over 60% of these incidents have been recorded since March 2019, an average of seven per week.

Aug. 12-18, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) Tiger Forces advanced in the Idleb enclave this week, reaching the northern edges of Khan Sheikhun by the end of the reporting period. South & Central: Attacks against GoS personnel, former opposition groups, and civilians continued in Daraa Governorate. ISIS activities continued in central areas of the country. Northeast: Improvised explosive device (IED) and small arms attacks against Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) continued this week, including an ISIS-claimed car bomb detonation in Qamishli city.

Aug. 5-11, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) advanced further in the Idleb enclave this week, in the Zakah, Habit, and Sukaik areas, days after a ceasefire was ended. South & Central: In addition to low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel continuing in Daraa Governorate, GoS-aligned international personnel were killed in central areas of Syria. Northeast: Ongoing improvised explosive device (IED) and small arms fire attacks against Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) continued this week.

July 29 - Aug. 4, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) forces advanced in the Tal Mallah area of the Hayyat Tahrir Ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb enclave this week, just prior to Syrian and Russian officials announcing a ceasefire on 2 August. An increase in conflict activity was recorded in the Tal Rifaat area between Turkish forces and aligned groups on the one side and the People’s Protection Units (YPG) on the other. South & Central: Low-level attacks against GoS-aligned personnel and former opposition members continued in Daraa Governorate. Northeast: Elevated levels of improvised explosive device (IED) activity continued in the northeast with at least seven incidents recorded. Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)/Global Coalition arrest operations against Daesh continued this week.

July 22-28, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary 
Northwest: No changes in frontlines in the Hayyat Tahrir Ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb enclave were recorded this week. In the Turkish-backed Euphrates Shield and Olive Branch areas of northern Aleppo Governorate, an increase in improvised explosive device (IED) activity was recorded. Ongoing extortion/arrest operations also continued in the Turkish-backed region, with three events recorded. South & Central: Low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel continued this week with at least six attacks including a suicide bomb detonation in eastern Daraa Governorate. Explosive activity and armed robberies impacted Damascus. Northeast: Despite US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF)/Global Coalition against Daesh arrest operations, a rise in IED use was reported in northeast Syria.

July 15-21, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Opposition groups within the Hayyat Tahrir Ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb enclave attacked Qasabiyeh town. Confrontations also were noted in Kabani town, NW of the pocket, and the Tal Rifat pocket. South & Central: In addition to low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel, an attack targeting a vehicle was recorded near Sasa town. In central areas of the country, an improvised explosive device (IED) attack targeted a train near Busari. Northeast: Low-level attacks continued against US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) despite ongoing security operations, including one that detained five women who had escaped Al Hol Camp. An IED attack also occurred in Hassakeh City.

July 8-14, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Opposition groups organized attacked Hammamiyat town in the south of the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham-dominated Idleb enclave, capturing the town for 24 hours, before it was retaken again by government forces. Opposition armed groups continued arresting civilians in the Turkish-backed Operation Olive Branch and Euphrates Shield areas. A car bomb detonation was recorded in Afrin City. South & Central: Low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel occurred in the central and southern areas of the country. An oil pipeline in the Sha’er area was sabotaged. Northeast: Despite ongoing Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) security operations in the north east, low-level small arms fire and improvised explosive device (IED) attacks continued.

July 1-7, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: For the fourth consecutive week, frontlines between Government of Syria (GoS) forces and Hayyat Tahrir Ash-Sham (HTS)-dominated groups remained static in the Idleb enclave. In Tal Rifaat, there was an increase in conflict between the People’s Protection Units (YPG) and Turkish backed forces. South & Central: In addition to low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel in the central and southern areas of the country, a suicide attack was recorded in As Sweida City. Northeast: Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) continued security operations along the Euphrates River Valley and in Hasakah Governorate. Five explosive attacks against the SDF were recorded in this reporting period. Agricultural fires were also recorded in the week.

June 24-30, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government of Syria (GoS) forces and Hayyat Tahrir Ash-Sham (HTS)-dominated group frontlines remained static in the Idleb enclave this week. Turkish military forces shelled government areas in response to an attack on a Turkish military observation post, while the U.S. conducted a missile attack against a Huras al Din site in western Aleppo governorate. South & Central: Low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel in the central and southern areas of the country continued, while an improvised explosive device (IED) attack occurred in the capital. Northeast: Despite ongoing Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) security operations in northeast this week, nine IED and small arms fire attacks against military forces along the Euphrates River Valley were recorded.

June 17-23, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Frontlines between government of Syria (GOS) forces and Hayyat Tahrir Ash-Sham (HTS)-dominated groups remained static this week. Five underwater oil pipelines were attacked near Baniyas. Civilians were arrested in the Turkish-dominated Afrin district. South & Central: Low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel in the central and southern areas of the country continued this week. Elsewhere, two civil disturbances were reported in As Sweida City and in Daraa City. Northeast: Despite ongoing joint US coalition/Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) security operations in northeast this week, seven attacks against military forces along the Euphrates River Valley were recorded.

June 10-16, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
NORTH: Government forces and Hayyat Tahrir Ash-Sham (HTS)-dominated groups consolidated gains made the previous week in the south west of Idleb. A short-lived Russian/Turkish brokered ceasefire on 13 June had little effect on the level of conflict. Turkish Military Forces also retaliated against two attacks on its observation posts in the northwest. SOUTH & CENTRAL: Low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel in the south, and ISIS ambushes against government patrols in central areas of the country continued this week. Israeli strikes also targeted locations in Daraa Governorate this week. NORTHEAST: Joint US Coalition/Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) security operations were recorded this week, building on such activities in the previous month.

June 3-9, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government forces made advances in the southwest corner of the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb pocket. HTS and other opposition groups conducted a counter attack focused on Tal Mallah. South & Central: In addition to low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel in the south, ISIS claimed to have conducted an attack on the Nimr – Gherbet Khazalah Road this week, the first since 2018. Northeast: Routine small arms fire and improvised explosive device (IED) activity against Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and their allies continued despite large-scale security operations in previous weeks.

May 27-June 2, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government advances in the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb pocket stalled again this week, while aerial and ground bombardments continued to impact indiscriminately non-combatants. South & Central: In addition to low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel in the south, a small arms fire attack against humanitarians was recorded in Saham al Golan town. Northeast: New Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) security operations were recorded along the Euphrates River Valley and southern Hassakeh Governorate this week.

May 20-26, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
NORTHWEST: Government advances in the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb pocket slowed this week after an HTS counter offensive on Kafr Nabuda town. SOUTH & CENTRAL: Apart from the low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel in the south, an armed group temporarily took over a government base, the first such event since 2018. NORTHEAST: The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) conducted security operations along the Euphrates River Valley this week.

May 13-19, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Government forces continued to advance in the southwest corner of the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb pocket this week, capturing locations along Highway 56. South and Central: Low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel continued in the south, while in Homs Governorate, evidence of ISIS’s enduring presence was once again evident. Northeast: Despite a Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) anti-ISIS operation along the Euphrates River Valley this week, small arms fire and Improvised Explosive Device (IED) attacks against military actors in this area continue.

May 15, 2019
Workshop 4 Report: Designing Interventions for Community Resilience and Empowerment (PDF) (En français) (بالعربية)
The Carter Center recently convened the fourth and final reiterative workshop with grassroots religious and community leaders to advance community-led solutions to violent extremism. The workshop was held from April 29 to May 1, 2019, in Tunisia, and trained participants in four main areas: a) transformative leadership; b) project design, monitoring, and evaluation; c) political and social strategies for change; and d) branding and communication strategies for impact and change. This report summarizes workshop proceeding and reports on the success of participant initiatives.

May 14, 2019
Report of the Independent Observer: Observations on the Implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, Emanating from the Algiers Process (En français)
This report presents the observations of The Carter Center as the Independent Observer of the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, emanating from the Algiers Process, for the period from January to April 2019.

May 6-12, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary

Northwest: Government forces began advances in the southwest corner of the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb pocket this week. South & Central: Low-level attacks against government-aligned personnel continued in the south, while in As Sweida Governorate, two protests were held over the ongoing fuel crisis. In the capital, an explosive device was detonated in the Midan area. Northeast: Small arms and explosive attacks against military actors continued along the Euphrates River valley this week.

April 29–May 5, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: The situation in the Idleb pocket deteriorated this week with government forces advancing just after the reporting period ended. South and Central: Attacks against Syrian government-aligned personnel increased in the south, with three attacks recorded in Quneitra and As Sweida Governorates. Northeast: Protest were held in several cities in Deir Ez Zor Governorate. Unexploded ordnance and left-over landmines were detonated. 

April 22–28, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Elevated levels of conflict impacted the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS) dominated Idleb enclave, including an increase in airstrike activity with 26 strikes recorded. South and Central: For a second consecutive week, explosive devices detonated in Damascus City. Further south, a new group, Ahrar Bilada Kanakar, announced its presence in areas south of the capital. Northeast: An increase in protests against SDF control was recorded along the Euphrates River Valley.

April 15–21, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Elevated level of conflict involving the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb enclave this week, while Turkish military patrols continued. In Tal Rifaat, conflict activity increased after Russian troops ceased joint patrols. South & Central: Attacks against individuals associated with the government in southern Syria continued. Further north, more signs of ISIS continuing presence in central Syria were recorded with four ambushes against government convoys in the Sokhneh desert. There were also two explosive device attacks in Damascus this week. Northease: Shootings and explosive attacks against Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) continued this week. Coalition forces continue to conduct airstrikes against residual ISIS elements almost a month after their last pocket fell in Baghuz.

April 8–14, 2019
Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Elevated level of conflict involving the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb enclave and Turkish military patrols continued this week. Improvised explosive device activity also continued within the enclave.  South & Central: Asymmetrical attacks against individuals associated with the government in Daraa Governorate continued. Further north, ISIS ambushed a government aligned militia. Israeli airstrikes also targeted several sites near Masayaf town. Northeast: Shootings and IED attacks against both the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and government of Syria continued this week in the Euphrates River Valley.

April 1–7, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Despite further Turkish Military patrols this week, elevated levels of conflict continued to occur in the HTS-dominated Idleb enclave. Inside the pocket, despite a reduction in improvised explosive device attacks since September 2018, such activity has increased steadily in 2019. South: Six asymmetrical attacks against individuals associated with the government occurred in Daraa Governorate this week, bringing the total number of these types of events since August 2018 to 72. This activity has focused increasingly on Daraa City and western areas of the governorate. Northeast: In addition to ongoing clearance operations in the Baghuz area, several high-profile improvised explosive device incidents were recorded, including in Raqqa City, Tabqa City and Hassakeh Governorate.

March 25–31, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: High levels of conflict continued to impact the HTS-dominated Idleb enclave. Elsewhere, Israeli airstrikes targeted suspected Iranian weapons storage sites east of Aleppo City. South: Along with asymmetrical attacks against individuals associated with the government in Daraa Governorate, kidnaping and two sustained clashes between ISIS and Syrian government forces in northeast As Sweida highlighted the unstable security environment. Northeast: Clearance operations continued in the Baghuz area. Further north, ISIS claimed an attack against a YPG checkpoint in Menbej area.

March 18–24, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Three Turkish military patrols in the Idleb de-escalation zone had little effect on the elevated levels of conflict this week. Elsewhere, signs of internal tensions between factions in the pocket were also seen, especially in Umm Seir, Armanaz, Kafr Takhrim and Idleb City. South: Assassinations against individuals aligned with the government of Syria continued this week, with two incidents recorded in Muzayrib and Sanamayn. Elsewhere, an ISIS ambush of a Syrian Army patrol on the Tadmor – Deir Ez Zor Highway, comes a month after an anti-ISIS operation in the area. Northeast: Despite the total collapse of the last remaining ISIS pocket in Baghuz Fawqani Village this week, ongoing conflict continues to affect the security environment in northeast of Syria.

March 11-17, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Despite further Turkish Military patrols in the Idleb pocket, a rise in airstrike activity was reported in areas dominated by the al Qaeda linked Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS). South: Further protests against the Syrian government’s arrest policy in the south of Syria occurred in As Sanamayn and Karak towns following last week’s demonstrations in southern Daraa City and Tafs town. Northeast: The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) advanced on the last remaining ISIS encampment in Baghuz Village in the southeast Deir Ez Zor Governorate. 

March 15, 2019
A Review of ISIS in Syria: Oct. 2016 to Jan. 2019
Using data collected by The Carter Center and by the Armed Conflict & Event Data (ACLED) Project, this report will provide a review of ISIS in Syria between 2016 and 2019. The evidence-based approach will aim to create a more detailed understanding of ISIS, taking into consideration the varied regional operations of the group. This report also aims to contribute to the discussion about policy-level and local-level responses to ISIS in Syria.

March 4-10, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Turkish Military patrols in the western portions of the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS) dominated Idleb pocket on 8 March reduced conflict only for 24 hours. South: Two protests against government arrests in the south of Syria occurred in Daraa and Tafs during this reporting period. Both areas have the presence of Russian military police and former opposition members following the government re-establishing control in August 2018. Northeast: No changes occurred this week in the Syrian Democratic Forces’ (SDF) campaign against the last remaining ISIS pocket in Baghuz Village in southeast Deir Ez Zor Governorate, with the enclave still surrounded and large numbers of civilians continuing to leave the pocket.

Feb. 25–March 3, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Ongoing, elevated Government of Syria (GoS)-initiated conflict activity continued to impact southern areas of the Hayyat Tahrir al Sham-dominated Idleb pocket. Elsewhere, improvised explosive device (IED) activity continued in Idleb city during the reporting period, highlighting a return of this activity after a two-month hiatus at the end of 2018. South: Apart from continued, low-level conflict activity against GoS personnel and civilians in Daraa, Israeli Defense Forces shelled the Druze-majority town of Hadar. Northeast: Conflict continued to focus on the last remaining ISIS pocket in Baghuz. Evidence of the growing complexities of the group’s legacy in northeast Syria was seen.

Feb. 25, 2019
Workshop 3 Report: Responding to the Changing Landscape of Violent Extremism: Practical Approaches to Conflict Transformation and Rehabilitation (PDF) (En français) (بالعربية)
This workshop report details The Carter Center’s third reiterative workshop with a second cohort of religious and community leaders, held Jan. 25-27, 2019. The workshop examined the changing landscape of violent extremism, practical approaches to conflict transformation and negotiation, rights-based approaches to reintegration and rehabilitation, and the legal landscape of terrorism prosecutions.

Feb. 18–24, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Elevated levels of reported conflict involving Syrian Government forces and Hayyat Tahrir Al Sham (HTS) dominated Idleb frontlines this week.  Additionally, conflict between various armed groups behind frontlines continued with two vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) attacks in Idleb city. South: Low-level activity against Syrian Government personnel continued, including an IED attack in Daraa City claimed by a newly established armed group. Northeast: Apart from ongoing fighting around the remaining ISIS pocket in the southern part of Baghuz Fawqani village, large numbers of civilians continue to leave the ISIS area. Elsewhere, ongoing evidence of the group’s residual presence was seen in Shudadah District with two ambushes against SDF convoys transporting high ranking officials.

Feb. 22, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: A slight reduction in conflict in the Hayyat Tahrir ash Sham (HTS)-dominated Idleb governorate coincided with a new round of Sochi discussions. South: Ongoing, low-level attacks against Syrian Government personnel in Daraa Government continued this week, while further east, Russia announced the establishment of two humanitarian corridors at the edge of the US-marked 55km de-confliction zone in Al Tanf Border Crossing. Northeast: ISIS’ last remaining territory in the Baghuz Fawqani pocket in Deir Ez Zor disintegrated this week to just a 700m square area.

Feb. 22, 2019
Report of the Independent Observer: Evaluation of Implementation in 2018 (PDF)
(En français)
This report concludes the first full year of the mandate of the Independent Observer on the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, emanating from the Algiers Process (agreement). Under Article 63 of the agreement, the Independent Observer is tasked with "objectively evaluating the implementation status" of the agreement and publishing an "exhaustive report on the implementation status of the commitments made in the agreement, identifying any hindrances, identifying the responsibilities, and making recommendations on the steps to be taken."

Feb. 4–10, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Decreasing internal conflict in Idleb coincided with the Syrian Revolution General Conference on 3 February. Further south on northern Hama frontlines, Syrian military activity continued to drive dynamics. South: A sophisticated improvised explosive device (IED) explosion against a government checkpoint, claimed by the Popular Resistance, continues the ongoing trend of low-level attacks against the government in Daraa Governorate. Northeast: ISIS launched three attacks against government forces in Abu Kamal this week while further west, Syrian forces launched one of the more robust anti ISIS operations in recent months in the desert around Sokhneh town.

Jan. 28–Feb. 3, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Improvised explosive device (IED) attacks dominated reporting from Idleb Governorate. Along with this, further signs indicate that the Idleb de-escalation zone agreement is under strain. South: Two small arms fire (SAF) attacks against Syrian Government positions in Daraa Governorate highlight the ongoing challenges law and order in southern Syria. Northeast: Further reductions of the ISIS pocket in southeast Deir Ez Zor Governorate occurred this week, leaving a small 9km2 area remaining under ISIS control along the Euphrates River.

Jan. 21–27, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Russia again voiced growing frustration with the situation in the Idleb area, while conflict was further reduced between Hayyat Tahrir al Sham (HTS) and the National Liberation Front (NLF). South: Following an improvised explosive device (IED) detonation in Damascus in the previous reporting week, a second explosion took place in the central Adawi neighborhood of the capital this week. Northeast: US backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) began a two-pronged offensive against the remaining ISIS pocket in southeast Deir Ez Zor governorate. Elsewhere, a high-profile ISIS attack against US forces in Shadadah District, the second within a week, highlights ISIS’ ongoing capability.

Jan. 14–20, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Open conflict between Hayyat Tahrir al Sham (HTS) and the National Liberation Front (NLF) decreased in Idleb and Western Aleppo Governorates as a ceasefire continues to hold. South: More Israeli airstrikes impacted sites close to Damascus after a similar incident last week. Elsewhere, a rare improvised explosive device (IED) explosion took place in the southern part of the capital. Northeast: An ISIS claimed suicide attack against US troops in Menbej City highlighted the enduring resilience of the group in northeast Syria as well as the spoiling effect this and other groups can have on peace building efforts on the ground.

Jan. 7–13, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Hayyat Tahrir al Sham (HTS) continued its military and administrative expansion against the Turkish backed National Liberation Front (NLF) in Idleb governorate, focusing activity on the Ghab plains in the south west. South: Israel continued its campaign against Iran in Syria with airstrikes on a suspected weapons storage site at Damascus International Airport. Northeast: Even as the anti-ISIS campaign in southwest Deir Ez Zor governorate continued, confusion surrounding US policy in Syria resulted in heightened tensions with Turkey.

Dec. 31, 2018–Jan. 6, 2019
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Hayyat Tahrir al Sham (HTS) has emerged as the key player in the northwest after widespread territorial gains against Harikat Nour al-Din al-Zinki in Western Aleppo and Idleb governorates. South: The killing of Al Qaeda-aligned, formerly Idleb based, Abu Julaybib in eastern Daraa governorate demonstrat

Dec. 10–16, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Northwest: Ongoing asymmetrical events continue to impact civilians and local conflict resolution actors in Idleb Governorate. South: Despite UN Resolution 2165 being extended for one more year this week, the overall reduction of cross border UN aid into southern Syria continues to affect the local security environment in the south. Northeast: Rumors of a Turkish intervention in northeast Syria prompted a rare response from US officials and diverts attention of Kurdish actors from the fight against ISIS.

Nov. 24 - Dec. 9, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Report
For more than two weeks since a reported chemical weapon attack in Aleppo city on 24 November 2018, ongoing low levels of conflict characterised reporting from northwest Syria this period. While inconsistencies remain about the attack – such as the actors responsible and what chemical was involved – the incident re-activated GoS and opposition group frontlines, especially around Murak and Kurnaz towns in northern Hama governorate, as well as areas west of Hader and Abu Ad Duhur towns, southwest of Aleppo City.

Nov. 16, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Post-Idleb Agreement Conflict Trends
The Russian-Turkish agreement on Idleb has succeeded in greatly reducing violence in northwestern Syria. Since the agreement came into effect on September 18, there have been no reported airstrikes in the region, and reports of conflict events of all types have been greatly reduced. However, low levels of violence have persisted along frontlines, accompanied by infighting between opposition groups and occasional minor incidents throughout much of Syria.

Oct. 26, 2018
Report of the Independent Observer: Observations on the Implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, Emanating from the Algiers, May 1-Sept. 30, 2018
(En français)
In this second report, covering the period from May to September 2018, the Independent Observer reviews current progress in the execution of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, emanating from the Algiers Process, and sets forth recommendations with a view to supporting accelerated implementation. It is important to read this report in conjunction with the Independent Observer’s first report of May 28, 2018, whose observations and recommendations remain applicable.

Sept. 20, 2018
Workshop 2 Report: Gendering the Fight Against All Extremisms 
(En français) (بالعربية)
The Carter Center organized a workshop on Sept. 7–9, 2018, in Switzerland, the second in a series of four workshops designed to build capacity among a second cohort of participants, all of whom are on the front lines of preventing violent extremism, including the rising tide of Islamophobia. Workshop participants included 23 religious leaders, social workers, activists, teachers, and journalists with expertise in violent extremism, returned foreign fighters, human rights, women in peacebuilding, and media strategies. Participants are working to develop their own context-specific PVE initiatives, and the Center’s workshops enable PVE practitioners to build resilience and effect lasting change in their communities.

June 1 – July 10, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Report
The Syrian government has made major military advances in southern Syria. Beginning in mid-June, Syrian and Russian airstrikes began bombarding the southern governorate of Daraa, followed quickly by swift ground offensives, capturing by early July approximately half of opposition-held territory in the south.

May 28, 2018
Report of the Independent Observer: Observations on the Implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, Emanating from the Algiers, Jan. 15-April 30, 2018
(En français)
The Carter Center started work as the Independent Observer at the 23rd session of the CSA on Jan.15-16, 2018. Since that date, the Independent Observer has worked to fulfill its mission according to Article 63 of the agreement. Article 63 stipulates that the Independent Observer “publish[es] an exhaustive quarterly report on the implementation status of the commitments made in this agreement, identifying any hindrances, identifying the responsibilities, and making recommendations on the steps to be taken.”

May 2018
Countering the Islamophobia Industry: Toward More Effective Strategies
(En français) (بالعربية) 
This guidebook offers strategies, best practices and toolkits to fight the spread of Islamophobia and to build a culture of respect for universal human rights.

April 25-May 30, 2018
Syria Conflict Update
Syrian government forces secured evacuation deals for the remaining opposition pockets in southern Damascus and northern Homs governorate. These surrender deals led to a gradual reduction in violence for much of these two areas over the past month.

April 19-25, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Report
During the reporting week, a team from the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) gained access to the site of an alleged chemical weapons attack to investigate for evidence of any chemical weapons use in Duma. Pro-government forces during the reporting week took control of opposition-held Eastern Qalamoun and started an offensive for the Yarmouk Camp area south of Damascus. A surprise ISIS offensive in Syria’s southwest took territory from the opposition before their gains were reversed shortly thereafter.

April 12-18, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Report
A trilateral force including the US, UK, and France launched strikes against three military targets connected to the alleged chemical weapons attack in Duma the week before. These strikes do not appear to have led to any casualties despite the large volume of rockets launched.

April 9, 2018
Guidebook of Research and Practice to Preventing Violent Extremism
This manual contains seven Carter Center research reports that investigate Daesh’s complex recruitment tactics and suggests methods for preventing the spread of violent extremism. The research is based on the collections and in-depth analysis of Daesh video, print, and social media propaganda, as well as multiple field interviews and consultations with Muslim religious and community leaders across four countries.

March 29-April 4, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Surrender deals for all of Eastern Ghouta have been reached, though evacuations of fighters and some civilians continue from the city of Duma. The future of US involvement in areas held by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led organization in Syria’s north) has been struck with further uncertainty this week, as the Pentagon and President Trump have disagreed publicly on the operations. Attacks against Coalition forces as well as Iraqi forces indicate that the fight against ISIS in Syria is not yet over.

March 22-28, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Pro-government and opposition forces followed through with evacuation deals for much of what remained of opposition-held Eastern Ghouta. Despite the deals and evacuations, fighting continues in Duma. Operation Olive Branch, the Turkish-led offensive for northwestern Syria, continued its advance southeast of Afrin city, threatening to take the remaining territory still held by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF).

March 20-21 2018
Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Extremism: Phase 1 Cohort Workshop 5 Report
(En français) (بالعربية)
At a March 20-21, 2018, workshop in Switzerland, 20 religious and community leaders from Belgium, France, Morocco and Tunisia gathered to finalize their proposals for their local PVE projects. Having developed more than 60 local projects across multiple sectors, including online media, religious outreach, and youth engagement, participants consolidated these diverse initiatives into overarching national projects. Over the course of the two-day workshop, the projects presented by participants evolved under the guidance of the Carter Center’s advisor on design, monitoring and evaluation (DM&E), who helped sharpen the focus of the proposals. This was complemented by the contributions of other experts in the fields of political strategy and coalition-building, brand communications, and conflict resolution in the MENA region.

March 16-18 2018
Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Extremism: New Cohort Workshop I Report
(En français) (بالعربية)
This report details a three-day workshop convened in Switzerland on March 16-18, 2018, with a new cohort of 26 religious and community leaders from Belgium, France, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and the United States. Session themes included a deconstruction and countering of Daesh recruitment propaganda, understanding Islamophobia and white supremacy, reclaiming narratives through social media and participatory politics, and fostering intra- and inter-Muslim coalitions in the fight against extremism. 

March 15-21, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During the reporting week, pro-government forces once again took significant territory from the remaining opposition pockets in Eastern Ghouta. Ahrar al-Sham forces located in Harasta have agreed to an evacuation, along with 6,000 civilians. Despite the deal, other opposition forces have continued fighting.

March 1-7, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The Syrian government’s bombardment of Eastern Ghouta continues, despite ceasefire attempts and UN Security Council Resolution 2401. Humanitarian aid deliveries have been repeatedly hindered by continuous violence, and have only delivered a fraction of the food and medical supplies agreed upon by all parties.

Feb. 22-28, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The Syrian government’s siege and bombardment of Eastern Ghouta remained intense despite two separate ceasefires from the UN and Russia. Fighting around the borders of Eastern Ghouta continued, as did opposition shelling of Damascus city.

Feb. 15-21, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, the government siege and bombardment of Eastern Ghouta intensified significantly, resulting in one of the deadliest periods of bombardment to date. In northern Syria, two prominent opposition groups in the opposition-held Idleb pocket announced their unification as they launched attacks against Hai’yat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS, formerly Al-Qaeda-affiliated Jabhat al-Nusra). Operation Olive Branch, the ongoing Turkish-led offensive into Afrin, continued to gain territory this week amid numerous diplomatic discussions between NATO allies about the continuing fight.

Feb. 8-14, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, the Turkish-led Operation Olive Branch offensive continued its advance into Afrin, the northwestern canton controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a US-backed, Kurdishled organization). Elsewhere, pro-government forces and opposition forces cleared a pocket of remaining ISIS fighters northwest of Hama after the group reappeared on opposition frontlines earlier in the week.

Feb. 1-7, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During the reporting period, the Turkish-led Operation Olive Branch offensive continued its advance into Afrin, the northwestern canton controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a US-backed, Kurdishled organization). Elsewhere, pro-government forces continued their advance against opposition forces and ISIS fighters in the northern Hama/southern Aleppo countryside, further securing their control in the area. Following a significant uptick in attacks on both the opposition-controlled Idleb and Eastern Ghouta pockets, the UN humanitarian coordinator, Panos Moumtzis, called for an immediate one-month cessation of hostilities for the delivery of humanitarian aid. Lastly, a new opposition “operation room” has been formed in Idleb, with the stated goal of coordinating attacks against government forces.

Jan. 25-31, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, the Turkish-led offensive (Operation Olive Branch) continued to advance on Afrin, which is controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led organization in Syria’s north). South of Aleppo city, pro-government forces continued their advance into opposition-held Idleb, securing the town of Abu al-Thuhour as well as about a dozen small towns to the north and west. Around Damascus city, pro-government forces continued their bombardment of opposition-held Eastern Ghouta.

Jan. 18-24, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, a new Turkish-led offensive (dubbed Operation Olive Branch) began attacking territory controlled by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led organization in Syria’s north). Pro-government forces and ISIS forces at the southwestern frontiers of the opposition-held Idleb pocket once again took significant territory from opposition forces in the area. Bombardment on opposition-held Eastern Ghouta by pro-government forces also continued, though there have been no advances on these fronts.

Jan. 11-17, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The ISIS-held pocket in northern Hama governorate continues to grow, as both ISIS and pro-government forces advanced further into opposition-held territories at the southeastern frontiers of the Idleb pocket. Turkish officials voiced their disdain at US support for the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led organization in Syria’s north) and threatened offensive action (specifically in the northwestern district of Afrin) over the reporting period.

Dec. 21, 2017-Jan. 10, 2018
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Late 2017 brought a dramatic collapse of ISIS front lines in eastern Syria. With ISIS nearly expelled from the east, pro-government forces began to re-focus their attention on opposition-held areas in western Syria, making major gains in late December, continuing to present day.

Dec. 14-20, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The ISIS-held pocket in northern Hama governorate continues to grow, with both ISIS and government forces advancing northward into the Idleb pocket. Though political conflict continues between the opposition’s alternate civilian structures – the Salvation Government and the Syrian Interim Government (SIG), armed opposition groups in the Idleb pocket have begun to implement elements of a reconciliation agreement.

Dec. 7-13, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
A political standoff is due to come to a head in the opposition-held Idleb pocket with the HTS-backed Salvation Government calling for the rival Syrian Interim Government (SIG) to vacate all offices by Friday, December 15. The SIG has called on units affiliated with the Free Syrian Army to protect SIG personnel and offices. Elsewhere, ISIS forces in eastern Hama governorate significantly expanded their territorial control, gaining ground against Hai’yat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS, formerly Jabhat al-Nusra).

Nov. 30-Dec. 6, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During the reporting period, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led coalition supported by the US) and pro-government forces continued to advance against ISIS in Syria’s east.

Nov. 23-29, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During the reporting week, ISIS forces in northern Hama saw a resurgence as the group multiplied their holdings in the area many times over while Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led coalition supported by the US) advanced further from their earlier holdings to reach the Iraqi border.

Nov. 16-22, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Pro-government forces continued their march against ISIS in Syria’s east, advancing through the desert from previous holdings. After a period of violence, clashes between Hai’yat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS, formerly Al-Qaeda-linked Jabhat al-Nusra) and Nour al-Din al-Zenki (NDZ) have stopped this week.

Nov. 9-15, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Government troops and allies continued to advance against ISIS in Syria’s east, advancing from Mayadin towards the border town of Abu Kamal. In the opposition-held Idleb pocket, clashes continued to escalate between Hai’yat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS, formerly Al-Qaeda-linked Jabhat al-Nusra) and Nour al-Din al-Zenki (NDZ) west of Aleppo city.

Nov. 14, 2017
Status Report on Yarmouk Camp
Following the capture of the Syria-Iraq border crossing near Abu Kamal, the Syrian government announced victory over ISIS in Syria. This announcement was made at a time when the Syrian government, supported by Hezbollah, Afghani Fatemiyoun, Iraqi Hezbollah al-Nujaba, and others, appeared poised to capture the border town of Abu Kamal – the last major population center held by ISIS in eastern Syria.

Nov. 2-8, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Syrian government forces and allies fully captured the eastern city of Deir Ezzor from ISIS on November 3, ending three years of ISIS occupation. Pro-government forces also advanced further east along the Euphrates river, ultimately capturing the border crossing at Abu Kamal in a coordinated assault with Iraqi Popular Mobilization Units (PMUs).

Nov. 7, 2017
Relations between Hai’yat Tahrir al-Sham and Nour al-Din al-Zinki in 2017
The past year has seen dramatic shifts in relations between opposition factions, and a rise in infighting, particularly in the northwestern opposition-held “Idleb pocket.” These changes, caused in large part by the opposition’s loss of Eastern Aleppo city in late 2016, resulted in a rapid growth in power for Hai’yat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS, formerly known as Jabhat Fateh al-Sham and Jabhat al-Nusra).

Nov. 7, 2017
Countering the Islamophobia Industry: Toward More Effective Strategies
(En français) (بالعربية)
On September 25 – 27, 2017, The Carter Center convened an experts’ symposium to better understand the rising tide of Islamophobia and devise a strategic and sustainable response. Twenty-nine experts gave much needed clarity to the causes, forms, and manifestations of Islamophobia, and provided recommendations toward developing strategies for individuals, civil society, governments, and the media to counter Islamophobia. This report summarizes the deliberations and outcomes of the symposium, and concludes with strategies for reducing the stigmatization of Muslims worldwide.

Oct. 26 – Nov. 1, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Pro-government forces and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led coalition backed by the US) both took more territory from ISIS in Syria’s east, though with some minor setbacks.

Oct. 19-25, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Pro-government forces and the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led coalition) continued to advance through ISIS territory. While pro-government forces advanced in Deir Ezzor and around Mayadin, SDF advanced further east to capture oil fields and territory around a tributary to the Euphrates.

Oct. 12-18, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
ISIS has been cleared completely from both its de facto capital, Raqqa, and secondary stronghold Mayadin. The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF – a mainly Kurdish force supported by the US) captured Raqqa after more than four months of fighting, leaving the city heavily damaged due to intense aerial bombardment. Pro-government forces captured Mayadin shortly after surrounding the city while advancing southward from Deir Ezzor.

Oct. 5-11, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
ISIS forces mounted a counterattack on government positions in Syria’s east, gaining new territory in the southeast of opposition-held Idleb, and losing further territory around Deir Ezzor city to pro-government forces and Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led coalition backed by the US). A new Turkish incursion into Syria has been observed south of SDF-held Afrin, after reaching a deal with local fighters from Hai’yat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS, formerly Al-Qaeda-linked Jabhat al-Nusra). Protests have erupted against an ongoing pro-government bombing campaign in Idleb, which remains intense.

Sept. 28-Oct. 4, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
A large-scale ISIS counterattack saw it gain territory against Syrian government forces on most fronts throughout the country, including well behind front lines in the town of Qariyatain in western Homs governorate. Despite this major counterattack, government forces succeeded in clearing ISIS from the western Hama countryside, and the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces managed to clear ISIS from the northern bank of the Euphrates north of Deir Ezzor.

Sept. 21-27, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Pro-government forces and Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led coalition backed by the US) advanced further around the ISIS-held city of Deir Ezzor, leading to further tensions between the two forces as they both attempt to take territory from a weakened ISIS.

Sept. 14-20, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During the reporting period, pro-government forces and Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led coalition backed by the United States) both advanced around the ISIS-held city of Deir Ezzor, leading to a sharp increase in tension between the two as they maneuver close to one another.

Sept. 7-13, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, pro-government forces and Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led coalition backed by the US) have each advanced further against ISIS on their respective frontlines. Both forces have seen significant advances, but the fight against ISIS is not yet over and grows more complicated as SDF and pro-government forces near each other’s fronts around Deir Ezzor city.

Aug. 31-Sept. 6, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, pro-government forces made major advances eastward from their foothold south of Raqqa city. These gains led to the end of a years-long ISIS siege of Deir Ezzor. Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF, a Kurdish-led coalition backed by the United States) have continued to advance against ISIS in Raqqa city, pushing remaining ISIS forces further out of the city center.

Sept. 1, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Nationwide Conflict Update
After years of deadlock, the Syrian conflict has entered a period of rapid change. These changes have come as a result of two major developments: the fall of opposition-held East Aleppo in December 2016, and a competitive race to take territory from a rapidly collapsing ISIS during the past year.

July 20-26, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The ceasefire in south western Syria has continued into this reporting week, with few reported violations. However, fighting remained intense around Damascus city, where ceasefire announcements went ignored by all participants.

July 13-19, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The previous week’s ceasefires in southern Syria continued into this reporting period, slowing what appeared to be an unsustainable rising tide of conflict in the area, especially around Daraa city. The decrease in fighting in the south, however, has led to a redeployment of some pro-government forces, which raises the risk level for new conflict in other parts of Syria, particularly eastern Damascus, and along the southeastern border.

July 12, 2017
Preventing Violent Extremism: Phase I Workshop Outcomes
(En français) (بالعربية)
The Center’s efforts have contributed to preventing violent extremism (PVE) and bringing a holistic approach to building community resilience. From September 2016 through March 2017, the Center convened four reiterative workshops with religious and community leaders from Morocco, Tunisia, France, and Belgium who are on the frontlines of efforts to prevent violent extremism in their local communities.

July 6-12, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
New ceasefires in southern Syria were successful in slowing the rising tide of conflict in the area, particularly in Daraa city. This most recent ceasefire comes on the heels of the largely abandoned attempt at forming “de-escalation zones” throughout much of western Syria. The limited geographic scope of this southern ceasefire may increase prospects for success, particularly as most belligerents appear to be more concerned with advancing against rapidly-collapsing ISIS frontlines in eastern Syria.

June 29-July 5, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Fighting remains intense in southwestern Syria, despite the area being designated as a “de-escalation zone.” Opposition offensives on Baath city on the border of the Golan Heights have been turned back following a counter-offensive and intense artillery bombardment.

June 22-28, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Over the course of this reporting period, the conflict in southern Syria continued to intensify. Fighting remains intense in both Damascus and Daraa cities, while the complex standoff near the Iraqi border remains tense. Increasing tensions between the YPG and Arab opposition forces risks further destabilization in Syria’s northwest. Intra-opposition conflict resumed this week, primarily in the Idleb pocket. The Kurdish-led offensive on Raqqa city saw more gains this week.

June 15-21, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Over the course of this reporting period, the situation in northern Syria continued to grow more complicated. The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) continued to advance in Raqqa city, but came into conflict with advancing pro-government forces to the south of Tabqa city.

June 8-14, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Over the course of this reporting period, intra-opposition strife continued to harm groups in opposition held territory, namely in Idleb and northern Aleppo. The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) in Afrin initiated an offensive against opposition groups in northern Syria while advancing into Raqqa city to the east. Pro-government forces also advanced against ISIS in eastern Aleppo/western Raqqa and Homs. The situation around the US garrison at the al-Tanf border crossing continues to grow more complex as progovernment forces outflanked opposition groups advancing against ISIS in the area, reaching the Iraqi border to the north of opposition and US special forces positions.

June 1-7, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Over the course of this reporting period, ISIS continued to lose large portions of territory, particularly to the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and pro-government Tiger Forces in northern Syria. New clashes erupted in rural Aleppo, Daraa, and Syria’s southern desert as the Syrian government began new offensives against opposition forces on those fronts. Intra-opposition strife continues to plague groups in the opposition-held Idleb pocket.

June 2, 2017
Daesh Meta-Narratives: From the Global Ummah to the Hyper Local
(En français) (بالعربية) 
Daesh’s innovative and tailored use of media has enabled the terrorist organization to recruit disaffected young men and women on a global scale. This report analyzes several main themes that Daesh employs in its video recruitment propaganda. These narratives are deployed in multiple languages and are addressed to a range of target audiences. They reinforce each other and evolve over time, collectively working to provide emotional, rational, and behavioral appeals to potential recruits.

May 25-31, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Over the course of this reporting period, ISIS has continued to lose large swathes of territory, especially to the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and pro-government forces. Conflict around Daraa city in Syria’s south escalated further this week as new pro-government offensives are slated to start. Intra-opposition strife continued in Aleppo province and in Rural Damascus.

May 22, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This reporting period, intra-opposition strife rattled paramilitary forces in Idleb, Daraa, and Rural Damascus, though much of the conflict has now been resolved. Pro-government and Kurdish-aligned forces advanced significantly against ISIS in Syria's north, and opposition forces continued operations against ISIS in Daraa governorate. A new round of evacuations began this reporting period, including an opposition reconciliation deal in a city in Daraa governorate. The Rukhban camp on the Jordanian border saw renewed conflict this period, with ISIS detonating two car bombs.

May 18-24, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This reporting period, intra-opposition strife continued in Aleppo province but has eased in Rural Damascus. Evacuation deals continued, most notably in Damascus and Homs. Coalition warplanes struck pro-government Iranian-backed militias in the southeastern Syrian desert as the groups advanced against FSA forces in the area. ISIS forces continued to crumble on fronts in Aleppo, Homs, and Raqqa.

May 18, 2017
The Women in Daesh: Deconstructing Complex Gender Dynamics in Daesh Recruitment Propaganda
(En français) (بالعربية) 
Given the growing surge in Daesh’s recruitment of women, any comprehensive attempt at preventing radicalization must pay attention to and adopt an informed, gender-conscious approach. This report presents an in-depth analysis of Daesh’s complex tactics for recruiting women and the multiple roles played by women in its mission. The report also offers ways to engage female activists and leaders as active partners in defeating Daesh on ideological and practical grounds. Finally, it examines the effects of aggressive security approach on women and girls. The findings of this report are based on a thorough investigation of Dabiq and Rumiyah, Daesh’s primary print magazines for non-Arabic speakers, examination of over 450 videos, and field interviews with families of those who have joined Daesh.

May 5-10, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During the reporting period, elements of an Astana de-escalation plan were enacted while pro-government forces advanced in Hama and the Eastern Ghouta region of Damascus. Opposition infighting in Eastern Ghouta and Idleb appears to have stopped for the time being. Fighting in and around Daraa city remained high this week, and both opposition and the predominantly Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) continued to take territory from ISIS.

April 27-May 3, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During the reporting period, opposition forces advanced once more against ISIS fighters in the southeastern desert of Syria, opposition forces fought with one another once again in the Eastern Ghouta area of rural Damascus, and the predominantly Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) continued to advance against ISIS in Tabqa city west of Raqqa.

April 20-26, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, conflict in northern Syria escalated with Turkish airstrikes against Kurdish positions, the opposition expanded operations in southeast Syria, and evacuations under the “Four Towns Agreement” were completed. Additionally, pro-government forces continued to advance in northern Hama, and ISIS continued to lose territory on fronts in Raqqa, Homs, and Rural Damascus.

April 13, 2017  April 19, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, negotiations surrounding the ongoing “Four Towns Agreement” continued despite the appalling attack on civilians being evacuated from the pro-government enclave of al-Fo’ah and Kafraya. Pro-government forces succeeded in their attempts to reverse the overwhelming majority of the opposition’s previous advances in northern Hama countryside, though fighting remains fierce.

April 6, 2017 – April 12, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, the US military intervened for the first time against a Syrian government target. ISIS forces continued to lose territory across Syria, most precipitously around Tadmor (Palmyra) and in Syria’s eastern desert. Negotiations surrounding the “Four Towns Agreement," a controversial deal aimed at the evacuation of pro-government towns Fo'ah and Kefraya and anti-government Madaya and alZabadani, continued into this period and seem to be progressing towards a brokered evacuation deal.

March 30 – April 5, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, opposition forces lost many of their gains on the northern Hama front. As opposition forces began pushing back, even regaining some territory, a chemical attack in opposition-held Khan Sheikhoun killed and injured many in the city’s southern neighborhoods. This prompted a targeted strike by US forces against a Syrian military airport in Homs governorate (alleged to be the site used to launch the chemical attack).

March 23-29, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
During this reporting period, ISIS forces lost significant territory on several fronts. The group is
struggling to maintain its physical foothold in Syria against pressure from all other armed forces.

March 23, 2017
Workshop 4 Report: Gendering the Fight against all Extremisms- Creating Active Agents for Sustainable Change and Community Resilience
(En français) (بالعربية)
On March 1 – 4, 2017, The Carter Center (TCC) convened the fourth and final Countering Daesh workshop. Participants included 22 Muslim leaders from Belgium, France, Morocco and Tunisia that possess capacities essential to prevent the spread of violent extremism. Presentations and discussions centered around five major themes: 1) Daesh’s gendered recruitment strategies and role of women in preventing violent extremism; 2) Daesh recruitment and indoctrination of children; 3) Rights-based approach to reintegration of ex-foreign fighters; 4) Importance of participatory media in delegitimizing extremist propaganda; and 5) Building intra-Muslim cohesion against all forms of extremisms.

March 15-22, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This reporting period, opposition forces launched four (nearly simultaneous) offensives. On March 19, an offensive led by Hai’yat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), Ahrar al-Sham, and FSA affiliates in Eastern Ghouta saw gains on the eastern outskirts of Damascus city. The advancing groups took territory between the isolated Eastern Ghouta and Qaboun pockets, surprising government security forces in their advances.

March 9-15, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This reporting period saw consistently high levels of violence throughout Syria. Conflict in the Eastern Ghouta region outside Damascus remained particularly high, especially in Qaboun, where pro-government forces are attempting to advance.

March 2-8, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
On March 2, the Manbij Military Council (MMC), an entity within the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), announced they would be transferring control of many localities along the frontline with the Turkey-backed Operation Euphrates Shield (OES) to the Syrian government.

Feb. 27, 2017
Foreign Volunteers for the Syrian Kurdish Forces
In 2014, an ISIS-embattled YPG (People’s Protection Units) called for foreign volunteers to join in their fight against black-flagged fighters from Syria and beyond.

Feb. 23-March 1, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
On February 23, Operation Euphrates Shield (OES – a coalition of Turkish and Syrian opposition) fighters forced ISIS to retreat from Al-Bab city, a city previously key to the ISIS foothold in northern Syria.

Feb. 16-22, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The largely Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) saw another week of significant gains against ISIS around Ar-Raqqa. From the Muayzilah/Abu Wahl frontlines, SDF forces were able to push ISIS west back to the western bank of the Balikh River.

Feb. 9-15, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
After a period of relative quiet, developments in the Daraa governorate picked up significantly between February 9 and 15. On February 8, eightSouthern Front-affiliated groups agreed toa merger under the name “Coalition of Southern Forces” and released a public announcement about the agreement the following day.

Feb. 2-8, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The situation around Al-Bab continued to develop during the preceding week as pro-government forces took more territory from ISIS in their steady march to the city. Operation Euphrates Shield (OES) forces, a collection of opposition groups backed by Turkey and led by the Turkish military, penetrated the western defenses of the ISIS-held city overnight between February 7 and 8 and were able to control and hold some of the western areas of the city around Sheikh Aqil and the National Hospital.

Jan. 31, 2017
Research Brief: The Evolution of Daesh Recruitment Propaganda in Light of Territorial Loss
(En français) (بالعربية) 
In response to recent territorial losses, Daesh has evolved its communication strategies in important ways. This report, based on extensive video and print communications, concludes that Daesh’s ideology will likely survive significant territorial loss; military intervention alone is incapable of eradicating violent extremism. Unless the root causes of violent extremism, including socio-political grievances, poor governance, lack of development, rapid urbanization, increasing competition for limited resources, and long-standing conflicts like that in Syria are adequately addressed, ideologies like Daesh’s will continue to metastasize via social media and offline networks.

Jan. 26-Feb. 1, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Over the course of the week in review, developments in the relationship between Jabhat Fatah al-Sham (JFS) and Ahrar al-Sham in opposition-held Idleb have further solidified the opposition into two distinct camps. On the one hand, JFS announced a new merger under the name Ha’iyat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), including groups that had previously pledged allegiance to JFS as well as some other major opposition groups.

Jan. 24-26, 2017
Countering Daesh Workshop 3: Muslim Civic Engagement: Countering Islamophobia and Immunizing Communities
(En français) (بالعربية)
On January 24 – 26 2017, The Carter Center (TCC) organized its third reiterative workshop designed to identify flaws in Daesh’s narratives, develop a twin approach to discredit Daesh propaganda and the rise of Islamophobia, as well as to build capacity among religious-community leaders for local engagement. The workshop brought together 21 religious and community leaders from France, Belgium, Morocco, and Tunisia, extending across ideological and political divides.

Jan. 19-25, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
As peace talks concluded in Astana with no deal reached, dramatic re-alignments and infighting is underway in the opposition-held Idleb province. At the beginning of the week, Ahrar al-Sham’s leadership criticized Jabhat Fatah al-Sham (JFS) for harboring Jund al-Aqsa, calling them an ISIS cell.

Jan. 18, 2017
The Children in Daesh: 'Future Flag Bearers' of the 'Caliphate'
(En français) (بالعربية)
This report analyzes Daesh’s complex tactics for recruiting children and the multiple roles they play in its mission. The research includes an investigation of Dabiq, Daesh’s primary print magazines for non-Arabic speakers, and an examination of over 90 videos that feature children as central elements in propaganda narratives. In addition, the report highlights the legal ramifications associated with children’s involvement in armed conflicts. It concludes with a series of recommendations, including a consideration of the elements necessary for a practical approach to reintegrate returning children.

Dec. 29, 2016—Jan. 4, 2017
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
December 30th marked the start of the third ceasefire attempt of 2016. The ceasefire, which has partially held, is to be coupled with political negotiations in Astana, Khazakstan in late January. Despite this political progress, fighting has continued on several fronts throughout Syria, most notably in the Wadi Barada valley north of Damascus.

Dec. 8-14, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This week, pro-government forces captured nearly all of the remainder of opposition-held East Aleppo. Reports of summary executions and ceasefire breaches initially plagued attempts to evacuate the remaining civilians and opposition forces. A Russian-brokered evacuation deal made later in the week marked the end of the battle for Aleppo, but was blocked by Iranian-backed militias, hinting at more enduring and complex problems yet to come.

Dec. 1-7, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The battle for Aleppo continued into this week as pro-government forces advanced even further into previously-held opposition territory in East Aleppo. Initially, a major government offensive was repelled by an opposition counteroffensive, but a second pro-government offensive following this retreat gained even further ground than before. By December 7, opposition forces had withdrawn from Marjeh neighborhood in the southeast, al-Qaterji in the northeast, and the Old City in the north.

Nov. 30, 2016
Syria: Aleppo and Beyond
The Syrian government’s attempt to take East Aleppo continues, with areas of control changing by the hour. This brief tries to review the longer-term trends beyond the battle for Aleppo. Beginning with a brief examination of major trends and the state of the conflict on major fronts, this paper concludes with an analysis of the most likely trajectory of the Syrian conflict and an assessment of the opportunities and threats to achieving a political settlement to the conflict in the near-to-medium term future.

Nov. 29, 2016
Countering Daesh Workshop 2 Report: Mastering the Message, Engaging Our Youth
(En français) (بالعربية)
This workshop report describes The Carter Center’s second Countering Daesh Recruitment Propaganda workshop. Held in Switzerland, workshop 2 was designed to further analyze Daesh recruitment strategies, develop counter-messaging, and build capacity among participants for engaging youth vulnerable to manipulation by Daesh recruitment propaganda. Twenty-three participants from Morocco, Tunisia, France, and Belgium, including religious-community leaders, social activists, and civil society actors shared notes on projects they are implementing in their own communities to immunize against extremist propaganda. 

Nov. 10-16, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This week, pro-government forces cleared opposition forces from Dahyiet al-Assad, pushing front lines beyond the western edge of Aleppo city and consolidating gains made over the past two weeks. As progovernment forces advanced, the governor of Aleppo announced plans to create a patrol to stop the high level looting in areas retaken from opposition forces. Crimes of this sort have been difficult to manage as the frontline forces in the war-torn city rely increasingly on foreign militia, weakening centralized control over pro-government forces.

Nov. 3-9, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This week, many of the opposition gains in West Aleppo were reversed. By 8 November, pro-government forces had retaken 1070 Apartments and all of the Project 3000 Apartments. The government forces advanced southwards through the al-Hikmeh School area, which they secured within the next day. This came as opposition groups carried out heavy artillery bombardment on many of the frontlines, using mortars, Grad missiles, and heavy artillery like the D-30.

Oct. 27-Nov. 2, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
On October 28, the opposition launched another large-scale offensive to break the government siege of East Aleppo. Opposition forces attacked the western axis between al-Zahraa in the north and the 1070 Apartments in the south. The offensive, announced as the “Mother of all Battles” by opposition media, began with an overwhelming wave of grad missile strikes and vehicle-borne suicide bombings on West Aleppo. At least 14 suicide attacks were reported to have targeted government forces by November 2.

Oct. 20-26, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The partial ceasefire over East Aleppo continued into the start of this week, as the Russian military extended their cessation of air strikes for another 24 hours. The goal of the ceasefire was to allow the civilian population to evacuate East Aleppo before continuing the offensive into besieged opposition-held territory. However, due to sniper fire from pro-government forces and anti-government shelling on the evacuation routes, evacuation was impossible. Protests broke out in East Aleppo during the ceasefire. 

Oct. 13-19, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Syria witnessed yet another week of high levels of conflict. As usual, the majority of recorded conflict events occurred in Aleppo city and the northern countryside, though Hama was also intense, particularly around the city of Suran. Clashes between Kurdish YPG forces and Turkey-backed opposition forces erupted yet again in northern Aleppo, further raising tensions between the two forces as both advance against ISIS.

Oct. 6-12, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This week marks another week of continued offensives on most fronts in Syria. In the north, Operation Euphrates Shield (OES) saw remarkable success against ISIS. In Aleppo city, the pro-government offensive on besieged East Aleppo experienced slow but significant advances. The opposition offensive for Lattakia launched a new phase of battles for the week of Ashura, but all advances were repelled.

Oct. 3, 2016
Countering Daesh Workshop 1 Report: Mastering the Message, Engaging Our Youth
(En français) (بالعربية)
This workshop report describes The Carter Center’s recent workshop in Zurich, Switzerland to analyze Daesh recruitment strategies, develop counter-messaging, and build capacity among participants for engaging youth vulnerable to manipulation by Daesh recruitment propaganda. Twenty participants from Morocco, Tunisia, France, and Belgium included religious and community leaders, social activists, and ex-foreign fighters with large grassroots followings in their local communities.

Sept. 29-Oct. 5, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This week, the highest recorded incidence of conflict once again occurred in Aleppo governorate. Rural Damascus was the second most active governorate for conflict, although Aleppo governorate experienced double the recorded conflict that rural Damascus governorate did, with the vast majority of conflict being focused on Aleppo city itself.

Sept. 28, 2016
Grad Missile Sightings
In the final week of September, an observable increase in Grad shelling videos appeared on Syrian opposition media, including several videos or photosets that included brand new missiles. These images featured both portable single and double tube Grad launchers as well as larger missile trucks like the BM- 21.

Sept. 22-28, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Major offensives have continued on almost all fronts in Syria, resulting in some significant territorial gains, and a spike in reported casualties. Two of these offensives were by pro-government forces, one in Aleppo city and another in the Eastern Ghouta in Rural Damascus.

Sept. 15-21, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The Sept. 9 cessation of hostilities began quickly unraveling last week, less than a week after its implementation. The deal came under serious strain following two airstrikes in opposite corners of Syria, sparking a rapid re-escalation of conflict.

Sept. 13, 2016
Religious Appeals in Daesh’s Recruitment Propaganda
(En français) (بالعربية)
This report examines the use of Qur’anic verses in 256 of Daesh’s propaganda videos. The use of these verses in Daesh propaganda are analyzed by frequency, whether partial or full verses were used, and whether verses employed were Makki or Madani. By examining Daesh’s manipulation of the Qur’anic text to claim religious legitimacy, this analysis can serve as a resource for religious and community leaders’ understanding of Daesh’s recruitment strategies.

Sept. 8-14, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The introduction of the new cessation of hostilities has dramatically reduced the levels of violence throughout Syria. Prior to its introduction, the level of conflict along major front lines had spiked, but quickly reduced to a trickle on September 13. Since the cessation began, localized conflict has continued, but at a much lower level than previously, with a few noteworthy exceptions.

Sept. 1-7, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
The week of September 1-7, 2016 again saw high levels of conflict along several frontlines, including the northern countryside of Hama, southwest of Aleppo city, and the Turkish border between A’zaz and Jarablus.

Aug. 25-31, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
This week in Syria, a large new opposition offensive began in northern rural Hama, showing large initial territorial gains. In the north of Syria, the Euphrates Shield offensive saw new gains, and the opposition offensive in the south of Aleppo city saw no new gains amid deadly clashes and minor losses.

Aug. 31, 2016
Israel and Palestine Conflict Analysis Report: Hamas and Municipal Elections
Municipal elections in the West Bank and Gaza are likely to proceed on Oct. 8. Hamas leaders are not participating, but they are backing “independent” candidates and low-level party members in Gaza, in addition to a few cases in the West Bank. Israel should not impede the elections. Elected local governments should help improve municipal service provision, while giving Palestinians a limited voice in choosing their civic leadership. If successful, local elections also could open the door to national Palestinian elections, which should contribute to creating a unified Palestinian negotiating partner.

Aug. 18-24, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Armed opposition groups and Turkish forces crossed the northern border and captured the town of Jarablus after a few hours of brief skirmishes. Turkish artillery and airstrikes targeted the surrounding area before crossing the border several kilometers west of Jarablus.

Aug. 11-17, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Continuing a trend from previous weeks, reports of conflict in Syria from August 11-17 remained extremely high in Aleppo governorate. Throughout this period, the majority of conflict took place in the northern governorates, though several events of humanitarian concern continue outside of northern Syria as well.

Aug. 22, 2016
Countering Daesh Propaganda: Action-Oriented Research for Practical Policy Outcomes
This interdisciplinary guide is a collection of articles written by leading scholars and practitioners who participated in the Carter Center’s February 2016 Countering Daesh Experts Workshop. These experts were brought together to identify new approaches to countering Daesh propaganda and to assist governments and religious/community leaders in deterring violent extremism among their youth.

Aug. 4-10, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

July 28-Aug. 3, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

July 21-27, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Report
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

July 14-21, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Report
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

July 7-13, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Report
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

June 23-29, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Report
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

June 16-22, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

June 9-15, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

June 2-8, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

May 26-June 1, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

May 19-25, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

May 12-18, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

May 8, 2016
Syria's Transition Constitutional Options (عربي)
The United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR or SCR) 2254 (2015) calls for a new constitution for Syria to be approved within 18 months and for internationally supervised elections to be held under the new constitution. It also calls for an “inclusive transitional governing body with full executive powers, which shall be formed on the basis of mutual consent while ensuring continuity of government institutions” (Preamble Para. 5). However, the resolution is silent on the constitutional arrangements required for the 18-month transition period during which a transitional governing body will be exercising executive powers.

May 5-11, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

April 28-May 4, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

April 20-27, 2016
Syria Conflict Mapping | Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

April 21, 2016
The Cessation of Hostilities
Low level conflict between pro-government and opposition forces has persisted since the beginning of the cessation of hostilities on February 27, punctuated by two large escalations – one over the first weekend of April, and the second since the start of the Geneva talks on April 13.

March 2016
Countering Daesh Recruitment Propaganda Experts Workshop March 2016 (PDF)
(En français) (بالعربية)
The Carter Center (TCC) convened an experts workshop on Feb. 22 – 24, 2016, that brought together 21 leading scholars and practitioners from 10 different countries to examine new insights in Daesh recruitment strategies and its use of social media technologies to appeal to alienated youth.

Jan. 29, 2016
Russian Airstrikes Update
As of the date of this publication, a full four months will have elapsed since Russia began its air campaign in Syria. During that time, Russia has conducted raids throughout Syria aimed overwhelmingly at weakening the non-ISIS armed opposition.

Jan. 26-29, 2016
Workshop on Syria's Constitutional Options Under U.N. SC Resolution 2254 (PDF) (عربي)
The workshop, which brought together 29 Syrian academics, lawyers and activists from Damascus and abroad, and across political divides, was organized by The Carter Center in partnership with the Syrian Civil Coalition, the U.N. Economic and Social Council for West Asia, Noref and swisspeace.

Dec. 17, 2015
Overview of Daesh's Online Recruitment Propaganda Magazine Dabiq (PDF)
(En français) (بالعربية)
The successful recruitment strategies of the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Iraq and Syria 2 (Daesh) has become a serious challenge for the international community. Daesh employs a multifaceted online media strategy to recruit targeted demographics. The Carter Center (TCC) is working to counter Daesh’s recruitment propaganda efforts by undertaking in-depth analysis of this group’s print and social media publications.

Oct. 30, 2015
Syria Conflict Update
October 30th marks a full month of Russia’s direct military intervention on behalf of the Syrian government. Over the past month, Russian warplanes dropped hundreds of bombs in advance of and in coordination with a ground offensive conducted by government and proCgovernment forces.

Oct. 9, 2015
Syria Frontlines Update

Oct. 8, 2015
Russia's Intervention (عربي)

July 10, 2015
Southern Syria Conflict Update

July 1, 2015
Options for a Political Transition in Syria (PDF) (عربي)
This report outlines constitutional and legislative options for a political transition in Syria under the umbrella of the Final Geneva Communiqué, issued by the Action Group on Syria on 30 June 2012, and revived in early May 2013 at a meeting in Moscow between the U.S. and Russia. The Communiqué embodies the greatest degree of consensus that the international community has been able to achieve regarding the Syrian conflict, detailing a potentially viable path to a negotiated end to the civil war.

May 15, 2015
The Islamic State in Southern Syria

Feb. 28, 2015
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #5

Nov. 7, 2014
Aleppo Status of Forces Update

Oct. 20, 2014
International Coalition Airstrikes Against the Islamic State in Syria

Sept. 11, 2014
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #4

April 1, 2014
Opposition Coastal Offensive Conflict Report

March 14, 2014
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #3

Nov. 20, 2013
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #2

Nov. 5, 2013
Pro-Government Paramilitary Forces

Aug. 20, 2013
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #1

June 7, 2013
Regional Conflict Report #2: Damascus

April 25, 2013
Regional Conflict Report #1: Aleppo

Feb. 18, 2013
Regional Conflict Report: Ras al-Ain

May 13, 2010
Approaches to Solving Territorial Conflicts (PDF)
Territorial disputes are notoriously difficult to resolve peacefully and enduringly. The outcome of adjudication on border issues is unpredictable, and political leaders are often unwilling to accept the risks of losing territory. Arbitration or mediation (nonbinding arbitration) provide a more flexible and balanced way to reach a satisfactory outcome, but their finality also makes politicians nervous.

Jan. 1, 2010
Guide to Electoral Dispute Resolution (PDF)
Electoral rights are based on fundamental human rights, namely the civil and political freedoms of opinion, expression, association, and peaceful assembly that are solidly established on a global and regional basis under numerous international conventions.

Jan. 22, 2009
Israel and Palestine Conflict Analysis Report: Escaping the Cycle of Gaza Wars (PDF)
Unnamed Defense Ministry officials recently warned that the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) will wipe out Hamas in the event of another Israel-Gaza war. Such a conflict is likely to be far more destructive than any of the three wars since 2008. It would likely result in a direct and bloody occupation of the coastal territory. If, instead, Israel were to open Gaza and facilitate reunification with the West Bank, future conflicts could be avoided.

Sept. 17, 2003
Camp David 25th Anniversary Forum Report (PDF)
Report from The Carter Center's Camp David 25th Anniversary Forum, held at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C., Sept. 17, 2003.

July 1, 2003
The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Historical and Prospective Intervention Analyses (PDF)
A Carter Center Special Conflict Report from the Oct. 18-20, 2002 meeting of the International Council for Conflict Resolution (ICCR).

July 1, 2003
The Kashmiri Conflict: Historical and Prospective Intervention Analyses (PDF)
A Special Conflict Report from the Nov. 19-21, 2002 meeting of the Carter Center's International Council for Conflict Resolution (ICCR).

Dec. 1, 1999
Developing a Methodology for Conflict Prevention: The Case of Estonia (PDF)
Developing A Methodology for Conflict Prevention: The Case of Estonia (Winter 1999), special report by Joyce Neu and Vamik Volkan. The Carter Center's Conflict Resolution Program participated in a program to "vaccinate" the countries' major ethnic groups against hatred. Participants included ethnic Estonians, Russian speaking Estonians, Russians, Latvians, Lithuanians, and Americans.

Jan. 1, 1998
State of the World Conflict Report: 1997-1998 (PDF)
The 1997-98 State of World Conflict Report attempts to capture the nature and scope of armed conflicts and the efforts made by members of The Carter Center, its International Negotiation Network (INN), and many others to prevent, manage, and peacefully resolve them.

Jan. 1, 1997
1995-1996 State of World Conflict Report (PDF)
Report including maps, demographics, statistical information on the 25 locations where 30 major armed conflicts were waged in 1995, and narrative summaries for these conflicts through mid-1996. Also featured are an interview with Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter and articles by members of the Carter Center's International Negotiation Network.

Dec. 31, 1996
International Guide to NGO Activities in Conflict Prevention and Resolution (PDF)
Easy-to-use reference guide to nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and the countries and regions in which they are active.

March 1, 1996
Final Report: Meeting on the Viability of International Economic Sanctions (PDF)
Report examining the possibility of developing "more effective" economic sanctions: those that better achieve desired political goals without causing great suffering to innocent people.

Jan. 1, 1995
State of the World Conflict Report: 1994-1995 (PDF)
The State of World Conflict Report includes maps, demographics, and statistical information on the 27 locations where 33 major armed conflicts were waged in 1993-94 and narrative summaries for these conflicts through early 1995. All of these conflicts were armed civil or intra-state conflicts.

April 1, 1994
Averting Inter-Ethnic Conflict: An Analysis of the CSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in Estonia (PDF)
Averting Inter-Ethnic Conflict: An Analysis of the CSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in Estonia, by Konard J. Huber, The Carter Center, April 1994.

Feb. 1, 1993
Resolving Intra-National Conflicts: A Strengthened Role for Intergovernmental Organizations (PDF)
Vol. 5, No.1, February 1993
Report from the International Negotiation Network's second conference, with working sessions on Burma/Myanmar, the Caucasus, Haiti, Macedonia and Kosovo, Zaire, early warnings of conflict, and small arms transfer.

Sept. 8, 1992
Report of the Mid-Year Meeting of the International Negotiation Network (PDF)
Summary of the mid-year meeting of the International Negotiation Network held in Dakar, Senegal, Sept. 8-9, 1992.

Jan. 14, 1992
Resolving Intra-National Conflicts: A Strengthened Role for Nongovernmental Actors (PDF)
This report summarizes the inaugural consultation of the International Negotiation Network (INN), held at The Carter Center, in Atlanta, Georgia, January 14-17, 1992. The consultation brought over 200 invited guests from 40 countries and more than 150 organizations or governments.

Jan. 1, 1992
The International Negotiation Network: A New Method of Approaching Some Very Old Problems (PDF)
Vol. II, No.2, January 1992
Examination by Dayle Spencer and William Spencer, former INN Secretariat members, of how the INN works, focusing on negotiations between the government of the People's Republic of Ethiopia and the Eritrean People's Liberation Front.

Jan. 1, 1992
State of World Conflict Report: 1991-1992 (PDF)
The State of World Conflict Report marks the first effort by the International Negotiation Network (INN) to inform a wide audience about the impact of armed conflicts and what governments and individuals can and should do to stop them. This issue graphically portrays the mediation gap by showing the reader a picture of all major armed conflicts occurring from 1986 to 1991.

Nov. 1, 1991
The Inter-Arab System and the Gulf War: Continuity and Change (PDF)
An analysis of Iraq's invasion, subjugation and attempted incorporation of Kuwait as its "19th province" as a dividing line in modern Arab history. A Carter Center publication by Bruce Maddy-Weitzman.

Jan. 1, 1989
Conflict Resolution Symposium: Derails a Potential Tobacco “War” (PDF)
In September of 1985, a small group of leading antagonists on the issue of the production, sale, and consumption of tobacco, gathered for a three-day symposium at The Carter Center to empower parties themselves to work toward resolution of those issues that could be negotiated through negotiation processes that may be more cost-effective and timely than litigation, lobbying, and traditional bargaining.

April 12-13, 1985
Consultation on International Security and Arms Control (PDF)
The agenda for this Consultation was prepared in two stages, extending over two years. The first stage was devoted to research. Leading scholars were asked to study Soviet strategy, military doctrine and mission capabilities. The second stage consisted of two symposia in 1984, at Emory in May and at the University of Michigan in November, to consider some of the issues that would be raised at the Consultation.

Nov. 6-9, 1983
Middle East Consultation (PDF)
The Middle East Consultation is the inaugural project of the Carter Center of Emory University. Policymakers and scholars from Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, the Palestinian community, the United States, and Europe, met to discuss the region’s challenges.

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