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Conflict Resolution Program - Program Reports

March 23, 2017
Workshop 4 Report: Gendering the Fight against all Extremisms- Creating Active Agents for Sustainable Change and Community Resilience
On March 1 – 4, 2017, The Carter Center (TCC) convened the fourth and final Countering Daesh workshop. Participants included 22 Muslim leaders from Belgium, France, Morocco and Tunisia that possess capacities essential to prevent the spread of violent extremism. Presentations and discussions centered around five major themes: 1) Daesh’s gendered recruitment strategies and role of women in preventing violent extremism; 2) Daesh recruitment and indoctrination of children; 3) Rights-based approach to reintegration of ex-foreign fighters; 4) Importance of participatory media in delegitimizing extremist propaganda; and 5) Building intra-Muslim cohesion against all forms of extremisms.

March 15-22, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
This reporting period, opposition forces launched four (nearly simultaneous) offensives. On March 19, an offensive led by Hai’yat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), Ahrar al-Sham, and FSA affiliates in Eastern Ghouta saw gains on the eastern outskirts of Damascus city. The advancing groups took territory between the isolated Eastern Ghouta and Qaboun pockets, surprising government security forces in their advances.

March 9-15, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
This reporting period saw consistently high levels of violence throughout Syria. Conflict in the Eastern Ghouta region outside Damascus remained particularly high, especially in Qaboun, where pro-government forces are attempting to advance.

March 2-8, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
On March 2, the Manbij Military Council (MMC), an entity within the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), announced they would be transferring control of many localities along the frontline with the Turkey-backed Operation Euphrates Shield (OES) to the Syrian government.

Feb. 27, 2017
Foreign Volunteers for the Syrian Kurdish Forces
In 2014, an ISIS-embattled YPG (People’s Protection Units) called for foreign volunteers to join in their fight against black-flagged fighters from Syria and beyond.

Feb. 23-March 1, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
On February 23, Operation Euphrates Shield (OES – a coalition of Turkish and Syrian opposition) fighters forced ISIS to retreat from Al-Bab city, a city previously key to the ISIS foothold in northern Syria.

Feb. 16-22, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
The largely Kurdish Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) saw another week of significant gains against ISIS around Ar-Raqqa. From the Muayzilah/Abu Wahl frontlines, SDF forces were able to push ISIS west back to the western bank of the Balikh River.

Feb. 15, 2017
Countering Daesh Workshop 3: Muslim Civic Engagement: Countering Islamophobia and Immunizing Communities
On January 24 – 26 2017, The Carter Center (TCC) organized its third reiterative workshop designed to identify flaws in Daesh’s narratives, develop a twin approach to discredit Daesh propaganda and the rise of Islamophobia, as well as to build capacity among religious-community leaders for local engagement. The workshop brought together 21 religious and community leaders from France, Belgium, Morocco, and Tunisia, extending across ideological and political divides.

Feb. 9-15, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
After a period of relative quiet, developments in the Daraa governorate picked up significantly between February 9 and 15. On February 8, eightSouthern Front-affiliated groups agreed toa merger under the name “Coalition of Southern Forces” and released a public announcement about the agreement the following day.

Feb. 2-8, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
The situation around Al-Bab continued to develop during the preceding week as pro-government forces took more territory from ISIS in their steady march to the city. Operation Euphrates Shield (OES) forces, a collection of opposition groups backed by Turkey and led by the Turkish military, penetrated the western defenses of the ISIS-held city overnight between February 7 and 8 and were able to control and hold some of the western areas of the city around Sheikh Aqil and the National Hospital.

Jan. 26-Feb. 1, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
Over the course of the week in review, developments in the relationship between Jabhat Fatah al-Sham (JFS) and Ahrar al-Sham in opposition-held Idleb have further solidified the opposition into two distinct camps. On the one hand, JFS announced a new merger under the name Ha’iyat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), including groups that had previously pledged allegiance to JFS as well as some other major opposition groups.

Jan. 31, 2017
Research Brief: The Evolution of Daesh Recruitment Propaganda in Light of Territorial Loss
In response to recent territorial losses, Daesh has evolved its communication strategies in important ways. This report, based on extensive video and print communications, concludes that Daesh’s ideology will likely survive significant territorial loss; military intervention alone is incapable of eradicating violent extremism. Unless the root causes of violent extremism, including socio-political grievances, poor governance, lack of development, rapid urbanization, increasing competition for limited resources, and long-standing conflicts like that in Syria are adequately addressed, ideologies like Daesh’s will continue to metastasize via social media and offline networks.

Jan. 19-25, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
As peace talks concluded in Astana with no deal reached, dramatic re-alignments and infighting is underway in the opposition-held Idleb province. At the beginning of the week, Ahrar al-Sham’s leadership criticized Jabhat Fatah al-Sham (JFS) for harboring Jund al-Aqsa, calling them an ISIS cell.

Jan. 18, 2017
The Children in Daesh: 'Future Flag Bearers' of the 'Caliphate'
This report analyzes Daesh’s complex tactics for recruiting children and the multiple roles they play in its mission. The research includes an investigation of Dabiq, Daesh’s primary print magazines for non-Arabic speakers, and an examination of over 90 videos that feature children as central elements in propaganda narratives. In addition, the report highlights the legal ramifications associated with children’s involvement in armed conflicts. It concludes with a series of recommendations, including a consideration of the elements necessary for a practical approach to reintegrate returning children.

Dec. 29, 2016—Jan. 4, 2017
Weekly Conflict Summary
December 30th marked the start of the third ceasefire attempt of 2016. The ceasefire, which has partially held, is to be coupled with political negotiations in Astana, Khazakstan in late January. Despite this political progress, fighting has continued on several fronts throughout Syria, most notably in the Wadi Barada valley north of Damascus.

Dec. 8-14, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
This week, pro-government forces captured nearly all of the remainder of opposition-held East Aleppo. Reports of summary executions and ceasefire breaches initially plagued attempts to evacuate the remaining civilians and opposition forces. A Russian-brokered evacuation deal made later in the week marked the end of the battle for Aleppo, but was blocked by Iranian-backed militias, hinting at more enduring and complex problems yet to come.

Dec. 1-7, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
The battle for Aleppo continued into this week as pro-government forces advanced even further into previously-held opposition territory in East Aleppo. Initially, a major government offensive was repelled by an opposition counteroffensive, but a second pro-government offensive following this retreat gained even further ground than before. By December 7, opposition forces had withdrawn from Marjeh neighborhood in the southeast, al-Qaterji in the northeast, and the Old City in the north.

Nov. 30, 2016
Syria: Aleppo and Beyond
The Syrian government’s attempt to take East Aleppo continues, with areas of control changing by the hour. This brief tries to review the longer-term trends beyond the battle for Aleppo. Beginning with a brief examination of major trends and the state of the conflict on major fronts, this paper concludes with an analysis of the most likely trajectory of the Syrian conflict and an assessment of the opportunities and threats to achieving a political settlement to the conflict in the near-to-medium term future.

Nov. 29, 2016
Countering Daesh Workshop 2 Report: Mastering the Message, Engaging Our Youth
This workshop report describes The Carter Center’s second Countering Daesh Recruitment Propaganda workshop. Held in Switzerland, workshop 2 was designed to further analyze Daesh recruitment strategies, develop counter-messaging, and build capacity among participants for engaging youth vulnerable to manipulation by Daesh recruitment propaganda. Twenty-three participants from Morocco, Tunisia, France, and Belgium, including religious-community leaders, social activists, and civil society actors shared notes on projects they are implementing in their own communities to immunize against extremist propaganda. 

Nov. 10-16, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
This week, pro-government forces cleared opposition forces from Dahyiet al-Assad, pushing front lines beyond the western edge of Aleppo city and consolidating gains made over the past two weeks. As pro-government forces advanced, the governor of Aleppo announced plans to create a patrol to stop the high level looting in areas retaken from opposition forces.

Nov. 3-9, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
This week, many of the opposition gains in West Aleppo were reversed. By 8 November, pro-government forces had retaken 1070 Apartments and all of the Project 3000 Apartments. The government forces advanced southwards through the al-Hikmeh School area, which they secured within the next day. This came as opposition groups carried out heavy artillery bombardment on many of the frontlines, using mortars, Grad missiles, and heavy artillery like the D-30.

Oct. 27-Nov. 2, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
On October 28, the opposition launched another large-scale offensive to break the government siege of East Aleppo. Opposition forces attacked the western axis between al-Zahraa in the north and the 1070 Apartments in the south. The offensive, announced as the “Mother of all Battles” by opposition media, began with an overwhelming wave of grad missile strikes and vehicle-borne suicide bombings on West Aleppo. At least 14 suicide attacks were reported to have targeted government forces by November 2.

Oct. 20-26, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
The partial ceasefire over East Aleppo continued into the start of this week, as the Russian military extended their cessation of air strikes for another 24 hours. The goal of the ceasefire was to allow the civilian population to evacuate East Aleppo before continuing the offensive into besieged opposition-held territory. However, due to sniper fire from pro-government forces and anti-government shelling on the evacuation routes, evacuation was impossible. Protests broke out in East Aleppo during the ceasefire. 

Oct. 13-19, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Syria witnessed yet another week of high levels of conflict. As usual, the majority of recorded conflict events occurred in Aleppo city and the northern countryside, though Hama was also intense, particularly around the city of Suran. Clashes between Kurdish YPG forces and Turkey-backed opposition forces erupted yet again in northern Aleppo, further raising tensions between the two forces as both advance against ISIS.

Oct. 6-12, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
This week marks another week of continued offensives on most fronts in Syria. In the north, Operation Euphrates Shield (OES) saw remarkable success against ISIS. In Aleppo city, the pro-government offensive on besieged East Aleppo experienced slow but significant advances. The opposition offensive for Lattakia launched a new phase of battles for the week of Ashura, but all advances were repelled.

Oct. 3, 2016
Countering Daesh Workshop 1 Report: Mastering the Message, Engaging Our Youth
This workshop report describes The Carter Center’s recent workshop in Zurich, Switzerland to analyze Daesh recruitment strategies, develop counter-messaging, and build capacity among participants for engaging youth vulnerable to manipulation by Daesh recruitment propaganda. Twenty participants from Morocco, Tunisia, France, and Belgium included religious and community leaders, social activists, and ex-foreign fighters with large grassroots followings in their local communities.

Sept. 29-Oct. 5, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
This week, the highest recorded incidence of conflict once again occurred in Aleppo governorate. Rural Damascus was the second most active governorate for conflict, although Aleppo governorate experienced double the recorded conflict that rural Damascus governorate did, with the vast majority of conflict being focused on Aleppo city itself.

Sept. 28, 2016
Grad Missile Sightings
In the final week of September, an observable increase in Grad shelling videos appeared on Syrian opposition media, including several videos or photosets that included brand new missiles. These images featured both portable single and double tube Grad launchers as well as larger missile trucks like the BM- 21.

Sept. 22-28, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Major offensives have continued on almost all fronts in Syria, resulting in some significant territorial gains, and a spike in reported casualties. Two of these offensives were by pro-government forces, one in Aleppo city and another in the Eastern Ghouta in Rural Damascus.

Sept. 15-21, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
The Sept. 9 cessation of hostilities began quickly unraveling last week, less than a week after its implementation. The deal came under serious strain following two airstrikes in opposite corners of Syria, sparking a rapid re-escalation of conflict.

Sept. 8-14, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
The introduction of the new cessation of hostilities has dramatically reduced the levels of violence throughout Syria. Prior to its introduction, the level of conflict along major front lines had spiked, but quickly reduced to a trickle on September 13. Since the cessation began, localized conflict has continued, but at a much lower level than previously, with a few noteworthy exceptions.

Sept. 13, 2016
Religious Appeals in Daesh’s Recruitment Propaganda
This report examines the use of Qur’anic verses in 256 of Daesh’s propaganda videos. The use of these verses in Daesh propaganda are analyzed by frequency, whether partial or full verses were used, and whether verses employed were Makki or Madani. By examining Daesh’s manipulation of the Qur’anic text to claim religious legitimacy, this analysis can serve as a resource for religious and community leaders’ understanding of Daesh’s recruitment strategies.

Sept. 1-7, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
The week of September 1-7, 2016 again saw high levels of conflict along several frontlines, including the northern countryside of Hama, southwest of Aleppo city, and the Turkish border between A’zaz and Jarablus.

Aug. 25-31, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
This week in Syria, a large new opposition offensive began in northern rural Hama, showing large initial territorial gains. In the north of Syria, the Euphrates Shield offensive saw new gains, and the opposition offensive in the south of Aleppo city saw no new gains amid deadly clashes and minor losses.

Aug. 31, 2016
Israel and Palestine Conflict Analysis Report: Hamas and Municipal Elections
Municipal elections in the West Bank and Gaza are likely to proceed on Oct. 8. Hamas leaders are not participating, but they are backing “independent” candidates and low-level party members in Gaza, in addition to a few cases in the West Bank. Israel should not impede the elections. Elected local governments should help improve municipal service provision, while giving Palestinians a limited voice in choosing their civic leadership. If successful, local elections also could open the door to national Palestinian elections, which should contribute to creating a unified Palestinian negotiating partner.

Aug. 18-24, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Armed opposition groups and Turkish forces crossed the northern border and captured the town of Jarablus after a few hours of brief skirmishes. Turkish artillery and airstrikes targeted the surrounding area before crossing the border several kilometers west of Jarablus.

Aug. 11-17, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Continuing a trend from previous weeks, reports of conflict in Syria from August 11-17 remained extremely high in Aleppo governorate. Throughout this period, the majority of conflict took place in the northern governorates, though several events of humanitarian concern continue outside of northern Syria as well.

Aug. 22, 2016
Countering Daesh Propaganda: Action-Oriented Research for Practical Policy Outcomes
This interdisciplinary guide is a collection of articles written by leading scholars and practitioners who participated in the Carter Center’s February 2016 Countering Daesh Experts Workshop. These experts were brought together to identify new approaches to countering Daesh propaganda and to assist governments and religious/community leaders in deterring violent extremism among their youth.

Aug. 4-10, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

July 28-Aug. 3, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

July 21-27, 2016
Weekly Conflict Report
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

July 14-21, 2016
Weekly Conflict Report
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

July 7-13, 2016
Weekly Conflict Report
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

June 23-29, 2016
Weekly Conflict Report
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

June 16-22, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

June 9-15, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

June 2-8, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

May 26-June 1, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

May 19-25, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

May 12-18, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

May 8, 2016
Syria's Transition Constitutional Options (عربي)

May 5-11, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

April 28-May 4, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

April 20-27, 2016
Weekly Conflict Summary
Since 2012, the Syria Conflict Mapping Project has worked to analyze open source information related to the Syrian conflict in as much detail as possible, with the goal of assisting mediators and humanitarian responders. Read the weekly report for the latest analysis.

April 21, 2016
The Cessation of Hostilities
Low level conflict between pro-government and opposition forces has persisted since the beginning of the cessation of hostilities on February 27, punctuated by two large escalations – one over the first weekend of April, and the second since the start of the Geneva talks on April 13.

Jan. 29, 2016
Russian Airstrikes Update
As of the date of this publication, a full four months will have elapsed since Russia began its air campaign in Syria. During that time, Russia has conducted raids throughout Syria aimed overwhelmingly at weakening the non-ISIS armed opposition.

Jan. 26-29, 2016
Workshop on Syria's Constitutional Options Under U.N. SC Resolution 2254 (PDF) (عربي)
The workshop, which brought together 29 Syrian academics, lawyers and activists from Damascus and abroad, and across political divides, was organized by The Carter Center in partnership with the Syrian Civil Coalition, the U.N. Economic and Social Council for West Asia, Noref and swisspeace.

Oct. 30, 2015
Syria Conflict Update
October 30th marks a full month of Russia’s direct military intervention on behalf of the Syrian government. Over the past month, Russian warplanes dropped hundreds of bombs in advance of and in coordination with a ground offensive conducted by government and proCgovernment forces.

Oct. 9, 2015
Syria Frontlines Update

Oct. 8, 2015
Russia's Intervention (عربي)

July 10, 2015
Southern Syria Conflict Update

July 1, 2015
Options for a Political Transition in Syria (PDF) (عربي)
This report outlines constitutional and legislative options for a political transition in Syria under the umbrella of the Final Geneva Communiqué, issued by the Action Group on Syria on 30 June 2012, and revived in early May 2013 at a meeting in Moscow between the U.S. and Russia. The Communiqué embodies the greatest degree of consensus that the international community has been able to achieve regarding the Syrian conflict, detailing a potentially viable path to a negotiated end to the civil war.

May 15, 2015
The Islamic State in Southern Syria

Feb. 28, 2015
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #5

Nov. 7, 2014
Aleppo Status of Forces Update

Oct. 20, 2014
International Coalition Airstrikes Against the Islamic State in Syria

Sept. 11, 2014
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #4

April 1, 2014
Opposition Coastal Offensive Conflict Report

March 14, 2014
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #3

Nov. 20, 2013
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #2

Nov. 5, 2013
Pro-Government Paramilitary Forces

Aug. 20, 2013
Syria Countrywide Conflict Report #1

June 7, 2013
Regional Conflict Report #2: Damascus

April 25, 2013
Regional Conflict Report #1: Aleppo

Feb. 18, 2013
Regional Conflict Report: Ras al-Ain

May 13, 2010
Approaches to Solving Territorial Conflicts (PDF)
Territorial disputes are notoriously difficult to resolve peacefully and enduringly. The outcome of adjudication on border issues is unpredictable, and political leaders are often unwilling to accept the risks of losing territory. Arbitration or mediation (nonbinding arbitration) provide a more flexible and balanced way to reach a satisfactory outcome, but their finality also makes politicians nervous.

Jan. 1, 2010
Guide to Electoral Dispute Resolution (PDF)
Electoral rights are based on fundamental human rights, namely the civil and political freedoms of opinion, expression, association, and peaceful assembly that are solidly established on a global and regional basis under numerous international conventions.

Jan. 22, 2009
Israel and Palestine Conflict Analysis Report: Escaping the Cycle of Gaza Wars (PDF)
Unnamed Defense Ministry officials recently warned that the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) will wipe out Hamas in the event of another Israel-Gaza war. Such a conflict is likely to be far more destructive than any of the three wars since 2008. It would likely result in a direct and bloody occupation of the coastal territory. If, instead, Israel were to open Gaza and facilitate reunification with the West Bank, future conflicts could be avoided.

Sept. 17, 2003
Camp David 25th Anniversary Forum Report (PDF)
Report from The Carter Center's Camp David 25th Anniversary Forum, held at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C., Sept. 17, 2003.

July 1, 2003
The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Historical and Prospective Intervention Analyses (PDF)
A Carter Center Special Conflict Report from the Oct. 18-20, 2002 meeting of the International Council for Conflict Resolution (ICCR).

July 1, 2003
The Kashmiri Conflict: Historical and Prospective Intervention Analyses (PDF)
A Special Conflict Report from the Nov. 19-21, 2002 meeting of the Carter Center's International Council for Conflict Resolution (ICCR).

Dec. 1, 1999
Developing a Methodology for Conflict Prevention: The Case of Estonia (PDF)
Developing A Methodology for Conflict Prevention: The Case of Estonia (Winter 1999), special report by Joyce Neu and Vamik Volkan. The Carter Center's Conflict Resolution Program participated in a program to "vaccinate" the countries' major ethnic groups against hatred. Participants included ethnic Estonians, Russian speaking Estonians, Russians, Latvians, Lithuanians, and Americans.

Jan. 1, 1998
State of the World Conflict Report: 1997-1998 (PDF)
The 1997-98 State of World Conflict Report attempts to capture the nature and scope of armed conflicts and the efforts made by members of The Carter Center, its International Negotiation Network (INN), and many others to prevent, manage, and peacefully resolve them.

July 1, 1997
From Civil War to Civil Society: The Transition from War to Peace in Guatemala and Liberia (PDF)
Report on a workshop co-convened by the World Bank and The Carter Center in February 1997. The meeting, which focused on the experiences of Guatemala and Liberia, was part of the World Bank's global workshop series on transitions from war to peace.

Jan. 1, 1997
1995-1996 State of World Conflict Report (PDF)
Report including maps, demographics, statistical information on the 25 locations where 30 major armed conflicts were waged in 1995, and narrative summaries for these conflicts through mid-1996. Also featured are an interview with Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter and articles by members of the Carter Center's International Negotiation Network.

Dec. 31, 1996
International Guide to NGO Activities in Conflict Prevention and Resolution (PDF)
Easy-to-use reference guide to nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and the countries and regions in which they are active.

March 1, 1996
Final Report: Meeting on the Viability of International Economic Sanctions (PDF)
Report examining the possibility of developing "more effective" economic sanctions: those that better achieve desired political goals without causing great suffering to innocent people.

Jan. 1, 1995
State of the World Conflict Report: 1994-1995 (PDF)
The State of World Conflict Report includes maps, demographics, and statistical information on the 27 locations where 33 major armed conflicts were waged in 1993-94 and narrative summaries for these conflicts through early 1995. All of these conflicts were armed civil or intra-state conflicts.

April 1, 1994
Averting Inter-Ethnic Conflict: An Analysis of the CSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in Estonia (PDF)
Averting Inter-Ethnic Conflict: An Analysis of the CSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities in Estonia, by Konard J. Huber, The Carter Center, April 1994.

Feb. 1, 1993
Resolving Intra-National Conflicts: A Strengthened Role for Intergovernmental Organizations (PDF)
Vol. 5, No.1, February 1993
Report from the International Negotiation Network's second conference, with working sessions on Burma/Myanmar, the Caucasus, Haiti, Macedonia and Kosovo, Zaire, early warnings of conflict, and small arms transfer.

Sept. 8, 1992
Report of the Mid-Year Meeting of the International Negotiation Network (PDF)
Summary of the mid-year meeting of the International Negotiation Network held in Dakar, Senegal, Sept. 8-9, 1992.

Jan. 14, 1992
Resolving Intra-National Conflicts: A Strengthened Role for Nongovernmental Actors (PDF)
This report summarizes the inaugural consultation of the International Negotiation Network (INN), held at The Carter Center, in Atlanta, Georgia, January 14-17, 1992. The consultation brought over 200 invited guests from 40 countries and more than 150 organizations or governments.

Jan. 1, 1992
The International Negotiation Network: A New Method of Approaching Some Very Old Problems (PDF)
Vol. II, No.2, January 1992
Examination by Dayle Spencer and William Spencer, former INN Secretariat members, of how the INN works, focusing on negotiations between the government of the People's Republic of Ethiopia and the Eritrean People's Liberation Front.

Jan. 1, 1992
State of World Conflict Report: 1991-1992 (PDF)
The State of World Conflict Report marks the first effort by the International Negotiation Network (INN) to inform a wide audience about the impact of armed conflicts and what governments and individuals can and should do to stop them. This issue graphically portrays the mediation gap by showing the reader a picture of all major armed conflicts occurring from 1986 to 1991.

Nov. 1, 1991
The Inter-Arab System and the Gulf War: Continuity and Change (PDF)
An analysis of Iraq's invasion, subjugation and attempted incorporation of Kuwait as its "19th province" as a dividing line in modern Arab history. A Carter Center publication by Bruce Maddy-Weitzman.

Jan. 1, 1989
Conflict Resolution Symposium: Derails a Potential Tobacco “War” (PDF)
In September of 1985, a small group of leading antagonists on the issue of the production, sale, and consumption of tobacco, gathered for a three-day symposium at The Carter Center to empower parties themselves to work toward resolution of those issues that could be negotiated through negotiation processes that may be more cost-effective and timely than litigation, lobbying, and traditional bargaining.

April 12-13, 1985
Consultation on International Security and Arms Control (PDF)
The agenda for this Consultation was prepared in two stages, extending over two years. The first stage was devoted to research. Leading scholars were asked to study Soviet strategy, military doctrine and mission capabilities. The second stage consisted of two symposia in 1984, at Emory in May and at the University of Michigan in November, to consider some of the issues that would be raised at the Consultation.

Nov. 6-9, 1983
Middle East Consultation (PDF)
The Middle East Consultation is the inaugural project of the Carter Center of Emory University. Policymakers and scholars from Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, the Palestinian community, the United States, and Europe, met to discuss the region’s challenges.

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